Cithaeronidae  Simon, 1893 / Cithaeron  O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872   2 species

Cithaeron praedonius  O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872


Retrolateral tibial apophysis small, triangular, tip directed prolaterally. Bulbus with relatively large median apophysis. Prosoma length: 1.14-1.73 mm.

Body length male: 2.56-3.49 mm

Epigyne with anteromedian hood. Prosoma length: 1.32-2.50 mm.

Body length female: 5.02-5.38 mm
Additional information

Under Stones.

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2023): North Africa, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Middle East to India, Malaysia. Introduced to USA, Mexico, Honduras, Cuba, Brazil, Australia (Northern Territory)
 male  female
Distribution List

"No references" does not mean that the species does not occur in this country, but that we have not yet inserted the reference for it. We are working on it.

Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| Egypt   (Platnick, 1991) ||| Greece   (Platnick & Gajbe, 1994) ||| Libya   (Platnick, 1991) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2023b) |||

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Cubas Rodríguez A, Lara-Cabello V C, Desales-Lara M A, Chamé-Vázquez D (2022) Elusive introduced and synanthropic spiders (Araneae: Cithaeronidae, Gnaphosidae): new records from Mexico, Honduras, and Brazil. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 97: 261-265 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S, Coşar İ (2023b) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2023 [last updated 17 July 2023], online at pdf

Platnick N I (1991) A revision of the ground spider family Cithaeronidae (Araneae, Gnaphosoidea). American Museum Novitates 3018: 1-13 pdf

Platnick N I, Gajbe U A (1994) Supplementary notes on the ground spider family Cithaeronidae (Araneae, Gnaphosoidea). Journal of Arachnology 22: 82-83 pdf

WSC (2023) World Spider Catalog. Version 24.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (25.10.2023) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

26-01-2022 Image insert
31-05-2020 Distribution update Detail
11-11-2019 Distribution update Detail
27-11-2014 Distribution update Detail