Resources:
Trachelidae  Simon, 1897 / Paratrachelas  Kovblyuk & Nadolny, 2009   4 species

Paratrachelas validus  (Simon, 1884)

Description
Male

Prosoma reddish brown to chestnut brown, with small pits. Prosoma length: 2.50 mm. Chelicerae chestnut brown, rugose, pro- and retromargin with 3 teeth. Sternum orange-brown, with small pits. Legs I-II orange-brown, legs III-IV orange-yellow. Opisthosoma grey, dorsum with brown scutum, covering almost the entire opisthosoma, with 4 pale spots in anterior part and some pale chevrons in posterior part.

Body length male: 2.79-4.68 mm
Female

Prosoma reddish brown, with small pits. Prosoma length: 1.97 mm. Chelicerae brown, rugose, toothed as in males. Sternum yellow-brown with small pits. Leg I-II orange-brown, leg III-IV orange. Opisthosoma grey, dorsum with a darker, dagger-shaped longitudinal mark and 4 lighter spots around sigilla in anterior half, as well as some lighter chevrons in posterior half, dorsal scutum absent.

Body length female: 4.52-4.89 mm
Additional information

In humus, litter layer, moss, on shrubs, under stones, from 10 m up to 1500 m a.s.l.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Portugal, Spain, Italy
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Italy   (no references) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) |||
References

Bosselaers J, Urones C, Barrientos J A, Alberdi J M (2009) On the Mediterranean species of Trachelinae (Araneae, Corinnidae) with a revision of Trachelas L. Koch 1872 on the Iberian Peninsula. Journal of Arachnology 37: 15-38 pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). [N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Pantini P, Mazzoleni F (2018) I ragni de Calabria (Arachnida Araneae). Rivista del Museo Civico di Scienze Naturali "E. Caffi", Bergamo 31: 11-69 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
20-04-2018 Image insert
20-04-2018 Distribution update Detail