Trachelidae  Simon, 1897 / Trachelas  L. Koch, 1872   2 species

Trachelas minor  O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872

Description
Male

Prosoma yellowish to reddish brown, densely covered with granules. Prosoma length: 1.00 mm. Chelicerae reddish brown, pro- and retromargin each with 2 small teeth. Sternum minutely granulated, light yellow-brown, margin darker. Legs light yellowish brown, distal segments somewhat darker than femora. Opisthosoma pale yellowish grey, posterior quarter chocolate brown with thin white chevrons; dorsal scutum narrow, orange-yellow, shining.

Body length male: 1.80-2.10 mm
Female

Prosoma, chelicerae, sternum and legs as in males. Prosoma length: 1.09 mm. Opisthosoma pale yellowish grey, with chocolate brown, lancet-shaped median band, posterior quarter dark with white chevrons, scutum absent.

Body length female: 1.78-3.5 mm
Additional information

In grassland and on trees (Spain: Citrus trees).

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Mediterranean to Central Asia, West Africa
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   (Kůrka et al., 2020) ||| Algeria   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2020) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| Egypt   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Georgia   (Otto, 2020) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Greece / Crete   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Morocco   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2020) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2019) ||| Ukraine   (no references) |||
References

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Bosselaers J, Urones C, Barrientos J A, Alberdi J M (2009) On the Mediterranean species of Trachelinae (Araneae, Corinnidae) with a revision of Trachelas L. Koch 1872 on the Iberian Peninsula. Journal of Arachnology 37: 15-38 pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). [N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Hänggi A, Stäubli A, Heer X, Trivellone V, Pollini Paltrinieri L, Moretti M (2014) Eleven new spider species (Arachnida: Araneae) for Switzerland discovered in vineyards in Ticino - What are possible reasons? Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 87: 215-228 pdf

Kůrka A, Naumova M, Indzhov S, Deltshev C (2020) New faunistic and taxonomic data on the spider fauna of Albania (Arachnida: Araneae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 59: 8-21 pdf

Marusik Y M, Kovblyuk M M (2010) The spider genus Trachelas L. Koch, 1872 (Aranei: Corinnidae) in Russia. Arthropoda Selecta 19: 21-27 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
29-04-2020 Distribution insert Detail
05-01-2015 Distribution update Detail