Trachelidae  Simon, 1897 / Paratrachelas  Kovblyuk & Nadolny, 2009   4 species

Paratrachelas maculatus  (Thorell, 1875)


Prosoma light chestnut brown, with small pits. Prosoma length: 1.4-2.1 mm, prosoma width: 1.2-1.8 mm. Chelicerae chestnut brown, promargin with 3 teeth, retromargin with 2 teeth. Sternum light chestnut brown, slightly pitted. Legs orange-brown, femora of anterior legs darker. Opisthosoma grey, with 2 large, irregular light spots anteriorly and 2 transversal median light patches, dorsal scutum absent.

Body length male: 3.0-4.0 mm

Prosoma as in males. Prosoma length: 1.7-2.2 mm, prosoma width 1.5-1.9 mm. Chelicerae brown, toothed as in males. Sternum orange-brown, margin darker, with some small pits. Legs orange-brown. Opisthosoma as in males, but with additional pale chevrons in posterior part and the white patches with a pattern of small grey spots.

Body length female: 3.4-5.2 mm
  Not established
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2024): France to Ukraine, Turkey, Israel
 male  female
Distribution List

"No references" does not mean that the species does not occur in this country, but that we have not yet inserted the reference for it. We are working on it.

Austria   (Bauer & Grabolle, 2012) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (Nikolić & Polenec, 1981) ||| Czechia   (Řezáč et al., 2021) ||| France   (Bosselaers et al., 2009) ||| Germany   (Bauer & Grabolle, 2012; Bauer et al., 2019b) ||| Hungary   (Samu & Szinetár, 1999) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Kosovo   (Geci & Naumova, 2021b) ||| Slovakia   (Gajdoš et al., 2020) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain / Balearic Islands   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2024) ||| Ukraine   (Kovblyuk & Nadolny, 2009) |||

Bauer T, Bayer S, Derschmidt E, Höfer H (2019b) Description of the egg sac of Paratrachelas maculatus, with notes on its establishment in urban regions of Germany and Austria (Araneae: Trachelidae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 26-30 pdf

Bauer T, Grabolle A (2012) Erstnachweise von Paratrachelas maculatus in Österreich und Deutschland (Araneae, Corinnidae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 44: 77-80 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosselaers J, Urones C, Barrientos J A, Alberdi J M (2009) On the Mediterranean species of Trachelinae (Araneae, Corinnidae) with a revision of Trachelas L. Koch 1872 on the Iberian Peninsula. Journal of Arachnology 37: 15-38 pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S, Coşar İ (2024) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2024 [last updated 01 January 2024], online at pdf

Gajdoš P, Szinetár S, Román K, Šestáková A, Purgat P, Černecká Ľ (2020) Clubiona pseudoneglecta and Paratrachelas maculatus, two spider species new to the Slovak fauna (Araneae: Clubionidae, Trachelidae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 60: 44-49 pdf

Geci D, Naumova M (2021b) A preliminary checklist of the spiders of Kosovo (Arachnida: Araneae). Ecologia Balkanica, Special Edition 4: 11-28 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kovblyuk M M, Nadolny A A (2009) The spider genus Trachelas L. Koch, 1872 in Crimea and Caucasus with the description of Paratrachelas gen.n. (Aranei: Corinnidae). Arthropoda Selecta 18: 35-46 pdf

Nikolić F, Polenec A (1981) Catalogus Faunae Jugoslaviae. III/4. Aranea. Cons. Acad. Scient. Publ. Soc. Foed. Jug. 135 pp. pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Řezáč M, Růžička V, Hula V, Dolanský J, Machač O, Roušar A (2021) Spiders newly observed in Czechia in recent years – overlooked or invasive species? BioInvasions Records 10: 555-566 pdf

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

WSC (2024) World Spider Catalog. Version 25.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (22.01.2024) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

05-08-2021 Distribution insert Detail
20-06-2021 Distribution insert Detail
28-09-2020 Distribution update Detail
28-09-2020 Image insert
28-09-2020 Distribution insert Detail
08-11-2018 Image insert
11-02-2015 Distribution update Detail