Oecobiidae  Blackwall, 1862 / Uroctea  Dufour, 1820   3 species

Uroctea durandi  (Latreille, 1809)

Description
Male

Prosoma 3.1 mm long. Colouration as in female, but a little lighter. Opisthosoma black with 5 yellow spots.

Body length male: 6-10 mm
Female

Prosoma black or dark red-brown, 4.1 mm long. Eyes: AME very large, PME much farther from each other than from adjacent laterals. AME one-third diameter apart. Opisthosoma black with 5 yellow spots. Legs black or red-brown.

Body length female: 15 mm
Additional information

In garrigue, dry habitats, holm oak forests, heathlands, under bark, also in buildings. Striking big, chubby species, under stones where it builds a typical "tent-roof-net" with radially pointed margins.

Frequency: Locally frequent

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Mediterranean
Females probably all the year, males in spring, autumn and winter.
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   ( Deltshev et al., 2011b; ) ||| Algeria   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) ||| Andorra   ( no references ) ||| Bulgaria   ( Blagoev et al., 2018; ) ||| Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Cyprus   ( Bosmans et al., 2019c; ) ||| Egypt   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Greece / Crete   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Italy / Sardinia   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Italy / Sicily   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| North Macedonia   ( no references ) ||| Portugal   ( no references ) ||| Slovenia   ( Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015; ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Tunisia   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) ||| Turkey (Asia)   ( Danışman et al., 2019; ) |||
References

Baum S (1974) Zum "Cribellaten-Problem": Die Genitalstrukturen der Oecobiinae und Urocteinae (Arach.: Aran.: Oecobiidae). Abh Verh Naturwiss Ver Hamburg 16: 101-153

Bellmann H (1997) Kosmos-Atlas Spinnentiere Europas. Franckh-Kosmos Stuttgart, 304 pp. pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144

Drensky P (1939) Die Spinnenfauna Bulgariens. III. Unterordnung Arachnomorphae, II Gruppe Trionychia; Familien: Urocteidae, Uloboridae, Sicaridae, Pholcidae, Eresidae. Mitt Nat Inst Sofia 12: 231-252

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (unpubl.)

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
04-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
15-04-2013 Distribution update Detail