Oecobiidae  Blackwall, 1862 / Uroctea  Dufour, 1820   3 species

Uroctea durandi  (Latreille, 1809)

Description
Male

Prosoma 3.1 mm long. Colouration as in female, but a little lighter. Opisthosoma black with 5 yellow spots.

Body length male: 6-10 mm
Female

Prosoma black or dark red-brown, 4.1 mm long. Eyes: AME very large, PME much farther from each other than from adjacent laterals. AME one-third diameter apart. Opisthosoma black with 5 yellow spots. Legs black or red-brown.

Body length female: 15 mm
Additional information

In garrigue, dry habitats, holm oak forests, heathlands, under bark, also in buildings. Striking big, chubby species, under stones where it builds a typical "tent-roof-net" with radially pointed margins.

Frequency: Locally frequent

Distribution
  Presence
  Not established
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Mediterranean
Females probably all the year, males in spring, autumn and winter.
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   (Deltshev et al., 2011b) ||| Algeria   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Andorra   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| Egypt   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| France   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Greece / Crete   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sicily   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Montenegro   (Naumova et al., 2019a) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Tunisia   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2021a) ||| United Kingdom   (Selden, 2003; Lavery, 2019) |||
References

Baum S (1974) Zum "Cribellaten-Problem": Die Genitalstrukturen der Oecobiinae und Urocteinae (Arach.: Aran.: Oecobiidae). Abhandlungen und Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (NF) 16: 101-153 pdf

Bellmann H (1997) Kosmos-Atlas Spinnentiere Europas. Franckh-Kosmos Stuttgart, 304 pp. pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2021a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2021 [last updated 1 January 2021], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144 pdf

Drensky P (1939) Die Spinnenfauna Bulgariens. III. Unterordnung Arachnomorphae, II Gruppe Trionychia; Familien: Urocteidae, Uloboridae, Sicaridae, Pholcidae, Eresidae. Izvestiya na Tsarskite Prirodonauchni Instituti v Sofia 12: 231-252 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Lavery A (2019) A revised checklist of the spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Arachnology 18: 196-212 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Naumova M, Lazarov S, Deltshev C (2019a) Faunistic diversity of the spiders in Montenegro (Arachnida: Araneae). Ecologica Montenegrina 22: 50-89 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (unpubl.)

Selden P (2003) Record of the Mediterranean spider Uroctea durandi (Latreille 1809) in Britain. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 96: 4 pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 22.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (22.09.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
09-11-2021 Distribution update Detail
09-11-2021 Distribution insert Detail
16-01-2021 Distribution update Detail
08-07-2020 Distribution insert Detail
04-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
15-04-2013 Distribution update Detail