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Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Harpactocrates  Simon, 1914   12 species

Harpactocrates drassoides  (Simon, 1882)

Description
Male

Male palp with bent bulbal neck. Embolus stepped, with distal scale. Vulva with straight dorsal edge of aboral sclerite, bulge-like sclerotisation directed vertically. Prosoma reddish. Eyes: PME smaller than the other eyes, PME almost one diameter from PLE, anterior eyes rather less than one diameter apart. Chelicerae with 4 teeth in 2 rows. Legs reddish brown, femur I and II with 3 spines, femur III and IV with 2 series of dorsal spines, tibia III and IV with spines.

Body length male: 9-15 mm
Female

Characters as in male.

Body length female: 9-15 mm
Additional information

In coniferous forests, alder wood, under stones or under bark, in leaf litter of beech and mixed forests.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Western Europe
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
France   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Switzerland   ( no references ) |||
References

Deeleman-Reinhold C L, Deeleman P R (1988) Revision des Dysderinae (Araneae, Dysderidae), les espèces mediterranéennes occidentales exceptées. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 131: 141-269 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Müller H-G (1985) Die moosbewohnenden Araneen eines Fichtenwaldes am Col de la Forclaz-ein Beitrag zur schweizerischen Spinnenfauna (Arachnida: Araneae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 95: 268-272 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (unpubl.)

Thaler K, Madlener I (1979) Die Harpactocrates-Arten der Westalpen (Arachnida: Aranei, Dysderidae). Mitt Schweiz Entomol Ges 52: 359-367

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
11-02-2014 Image insert