Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Harpactocrates  Simon, 1914   12 species

Harpactocrates drassoides  (Simon, 1882)


Male palp with bent bulbal neck. Embolus stepped, with distal scale. Vulva with straight dorsal edge of aboral sclerite, bulge-like sclerotisation directed vertically. Prosoma reddish. Eyes: PME smaller than the other eyes, PME almost one diameter from PLE, anterior eyes rather less than one diameter apart. Chelicerae with 4 teeth in 2 rows. Legs reddish brown, femur I and II with 3 spines, femur III and IV with 2 series of dorsal spines, tibia III and IV with spines.

Body length male: 9-15 mm

Characters as in male.

Body length female: 9-15 mm
Additional information

In coniferous forests, alder wood, under stones or under bark, in leaf litter of beech and mixed forests.

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Western Europe
 male  female
Distribution List
France   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Switzerland   ( no references ) |||

Deeleman-Reinhold C L, Deeleman P R (1988) Revision des Dysderinae (Araneae, Dysderidae), les espèces mediterranéennes occidentales exceptées. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 131: 141-269 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Müller H-G (1985) Die moosbewohnenden Araneen eines Fichtenwaldes am Col de la Forclaz-ein Beitrag zur schweizerischen Spinnenfauna (Arachnida: Araneae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 95: 268-272 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (unpubl.)

Thaler K, Madlener I (1979) Die Harpactocrates-Arten der Westalpen (Arachnida: Aranei, Dysderidae). Mitt Schweiz Entomol Ges 52: 359-367

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

11-02-2014 Image insert