Agelenidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Eratigena  Bolzern, Burckhardt & Hänggi, 2013   20 species

Eratigena atrica  (C. L. Koch, 1843)

Beschreibung

Tibialapophyse mit distal spitzem Fortsatz. Konduktor mit leicht zum Bulbus hin gebogener Spitze. Vulva vorne mit 2 eng nebeneinander stehenden, kugelrunden Strukturen. Prosoma gelblich-grau, mit 2 breiten, dunkelbraunen-schwarzen Längsstreifen. Sternum graubraun, mit hellerem Mittelteil und hellen Flecken nahe den Coxa. Beine gelblich-grau, einfarbig. Opisthosoma graubraun, dorsal mit 2 Längsreihen gelblicher Flecken sowie schmalem, gelbem Mittelstreifen.

Körperlänge Männchen: 10-14 mm
Körperlänge Weibchen: 11-16 mm
Zusätzliche Informationen

An warmen Standorten unter Steinen, oft in Häusern.

Diese Art kann Menschen beissen, typischerweise, wenn man versucht, sie mit der Hand zu fangen oder zu entfernen. Der Biss ist nicht sehr schmerzhaft und eine gelegentliche lokale Schwellung verschwindet innerhalb von Stunden.

Troglophile Art (Mammola et al. 2018).

E. atrica, duellica und saeva synonymisiert durch Bolzern et al. (2013a) und wieder getrennt durch Oxford & Bolzern (2018).

Verbreitung
  Vorkommen
  kein Nachweis
Verbreitung Kommentar: Estland: Sammet (pers. Mitt.), Ungarn: Karl (pers. Mitt.), Russia (Central): Gorbunova (pers. Mitt.)
Weltweite Verbreitung (WSC 2020): Europe. Introduced to Canada, USA
Phänologie
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Abbildungen
Verbreitungsnachweise
Andorra   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Austria   (no references) ||| Belarus   (Ivanov, 2013) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| Denmark   (no references) ||| Estonia   (no references) ||| Faroe Islands   (Lissner et al., 2016b) ||| Finland   (Koponen et al., 2016) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Hungary   (Karl, pers. comm) ||| Ireland   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Latvia   (Cera, 2018) ||| Liechtenstein   (no references) ||| Lithuania   (no references) ||| Luxembourg   (Kreuels et al., 2019) ||| Netherlands   (no references) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Northern Ireland   (no references) ||| Norway   (Aakra & Hauge, 2003) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Central   (no references) ||| Serbia   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Sweden   (Kronestedt, 2001) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2019) ||| Turkey (Europe)   (Danışman et al., 2019) ||| Ukraine   (no references) ||| United Kingdom   (no references) |||
Literatur

Aakra K, Hauge E (2003) Checklist of Norwegian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae), including Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 50: 109-129 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bolzern A, Burckhardt D, Hänggi A (2013b) Phylogeny and taxonomy of European funnel-web spiders of the Tegenaria-Malthonica complex (Araneae: Agelenidae) based upon morphological and molecular data. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 168: 723-848 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). [N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Dahl M (1931) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VI: Familie Agelenidae. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 23: 1-136 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Dresco E (1957) Description d'une espèce nouvelle de Tegeneria et remarques sur Tegenaria saeva Black[.] et atrica C. Koch (Araneae, Agelenidae). Vie et Milieu 8: 211-220 pdf

Ivanov V V (2013) The checklist of Belarusian spiders (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoology and Ecology 4: 293-311 pdf

Jäger P (1995a) Faunistische Untersuchungen an Spinnen (Araneae) der Wahner Heide (Nordrhein-Westfalen) mit Anmerkungen zur Biologie und Taxonomie. Diplomarbeit, Zoologisches Institut, Universität zu Köln pdf

Karl (pers. comm) .

Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at http://biolcoll.utu.fi/arach/checklist_of_spiders_in_Finland.htm pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kreuels M, Staudt A, Christian S (2019) Die Spinnenfauna von Luxemburg – eine Zusammenstellung der Nachweise aus den Jahren 1906-2018 (Arachnida: Araneae). Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois 121: 203-230 pdf

Kronestedt T (2001) Checklist of Spiders (Araneae) in Sweden [Preliminary version February 2001] pdf

Lissner J, Jensen J-K, Hansen L J, Simonsen W, Kelduni R, Nissen K (2016b) An updated checklist of spiders (Araneae) of the Faroe Islands. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 63: 197-240 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British spiders. Vol. II. Ray Society, London, 449 pp. pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F, Merrett P (1974) British Spiders, Volume III. Ray Society, London, 315 pp. pdf

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 1-133 pdf

Mammola S, Cardoso P, Ribera C, Pavlek M, Isaia M (2018b) A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe. Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 56: 301-316 pdf

Merrett P (1980) Notes on the variation, identification and distribution of British species of the Tegenaria atrica group (Araneae, Agelenidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 5: 1-8 pdf

Nentwig W, Gnädinger M, Fuchs J, Ceschi A (2013) A two year study of verified spider bites in Switzerland and a review of the European spider bite literature. Toxicon 73: 104-110 pdf

Oxford G S, Bolzern A (2018) Molecules v. morphology — is Eratigena atrica (Araneae: Agelenidae) one species or three? Arachnology 17: 337-357 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
22-07-2020 Distribution update Detail
14-05-2020 Distribution insert Detail
08-01-2020 Datasheet update Detail
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