Agelenidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Eratigena  Bolzern, Burckhardt & Hänggi, 2013   20 species

Eratigena atrica  (C. L. Koch, 1843)

Description

Tibial apophysis with distally pointed process. Conductor with slightly bent tip, pointing toward bulbus. Vulva anteriorly with 2 globular structures close to each other. Prosoma yellowish-grey, with 2 broad, dark brown to black longitudinal stripes. Sternum grey-brown, with brighter median part and bright spots near coxa. Legs yellowish-grey, unicoloured. Opisthosoma grey-brown, dorsally with 2 longitudinal rows of yellowish spots and slender, yellow median stripe.

Body length male: 10-14 mm
Body length female: 11-16 mm
Additional information

In warm localities under stones, often in buildings.

This species can bite humans, usually when they try to catch or remove it with their hands. The bite is not very painful and an occasional moderate local swelling disappears within a few hours.

Troglophile species (Mammola et al. 2018).

E. atrica, duellica and saeva synonymyzed by Bolzern et al. (2013a) and separated again by Oxford & Bolzern (2018).

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Estonia: Sammet (pers. comm.), Hungary: Karl (pers. comm.)
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe. Introduced to Canada, USA
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bolzern A, Burckhardt D, Hänggi A (2013b) Phylogeny and taxonomy of European funnel-web spiders of the Tegenaria-Malthonica complex (Araneae: Agelenidae) based upon morphological and molecular data. Zool J Linn Soc 168: 723-848

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Dahl M (1931) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VI: Familie Agelenidae. Tierwelt Deutschlands 23: 1-136

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Dresco E (1957) Description d'une espèce nouvelle de Tegeneria et remarques sur Tegenaria saeva Black[.] et atrica C. Koch (Araneae, Agelenidae). Vie Milieu 8: 211-220

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Ivanov V V (2013) The checklist of Belarusian spiders (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoology and Ecology 4: 293-311 pdf

Jäger P (1995a) Faunistische Untersuchungen an Spinnen (Araneae) der Wahner Heide (Nordrhein-Westfalen) mit Anmerkungen zur Biologie und Taxonomie. Diplomarbeit, Zoologisches Institut, Universität zu Köln

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Lissner J, Jensen J-K, Hansen L J, Simonsen W, Kelduni R, Nissen K (2016b) An updated checklist of spiders (Araneae) of the Faroe Islands. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 63: 197-240 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Locket G H, Millidge A F, Merrett P (1974) British Spiders 3. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

Mammola S, Cardoso P, Ribera C, Pavlek M, Isaia M (2018b) A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe. Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 56: 301-316 pdf

Merrett P (1980) Notes on the variation, identification and distribution of British species of the Tegenaria atrica group (Araneae, Agelenidae). Bull Br Arachnol Soc 5: 1-8

Nentwig W, Gnädinger M, Fuchs J, Ceschi A (2013) A two year study of verified spider bites in Switzerland and a review of the European spider bite literature. Toxicon 73: 104-110

Oxford G S, Bolzern A (2018) Molecules v. morphology — is Eratigena atrica (Araneae: Agelenidae) one species or three? Arachnology 17: 337-357 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. [Old pdf-version: Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at Pantini_&_Isaia_- _Checklist_of_the_Italian_spiders._June_2018.] Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
27-08-2019 Distribution update Old value
06-12-2018 Distribution update Old value
09-06-2018 Distribution update Old value
15-03-2018 Datasheet update Old value
28-04-2014 Distribution update Old value
26-11-2013 Datasheet update Old value
15-10-2013 Distribution update Old value
15-04-2013 Distribution update Old value