Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Theridula  Emerton, 1882   3 species

Theridula gonygaster  (Simon, 1873)


Palp: embolus corkscrew-shaped. Prosoma yellow-white, 0.91 mm long. Opisthosoma: pattern as in female or dark unicolored.

Body length male: 1.3-1.7 mm

Epigyne with 2 distinct large openings in a depression. Prosoma unicolored black or with broad black median band and brighter sides, 0.6-0.74 mm long. Legs yellow-white. Opisthosoma black with large white spots, rhomboidal, wider than long, sometimes posteriorly with a median dorsal tubercle.

Body length female: 3-3.5 mm
Additional information

In cereal fields. This species of Central and South American origin is not native to Europe (alien species). It had been introduced to Europe at least once and did establish.

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2024): Central and South America, Caribbean. Introduced to Europe, Congo, Madagascar, Seychelles, Georgia, India, China, Japan
 male  female
Distribution List

"No references" does not mean that the species does not occur in this country, but that we have not yet inserted the reference for it. We are working on it.

France   (Lecigne, 2018b) ||| France / Corsica   (Lecigne et al., 2022) ||| Georgia   (Otto, 2022) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (Hänggi et al., 2014) |||

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Hänggi A, Stäubli A, Heer X, Trivellone V, Pollini Paltrinieri L, Moretti M (2014) Eleven new spider species (Arachnida: Araneae) for Switzerland discovered in vineyards in Ticino - What are possible reasons? Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 87: 215-228 pdf

Kostanjšek R (2010) A contribution to the Slovenian spider fauna – I. Natura Sloveniae 12: 23-33 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Lecigne S (2018b) Récits de chasses aranéologiques récentes dans plusieurs départements de France. Redécouverte de Philodromus buchari Kubcová, 2004 (Araneae: Philodromidae) et confirmation de la présence de Theridion harmsi Wunderlich, 2011 (Araneae: Theridiidae). Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 33: 59-99 pdf

Lecigne S, Courtial C, Danflous S, Déjean S, Guerbaa K, Jacquet C, Montagne D, Montardi Y, Villepoux O (2022) De araneis Galliae IV, actualisation du référentiel des araignées de France - troisième note. Révision du statut de certaines espèces de la faune de France. Bulletin de l'Association Française d'Arachnologie 6: 3-38 pdf

Otto S (2022) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 02.2022. Internet:

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Saaristo M I (2006) Theridiid or cobweb spiders of the granitic Seychelles islands (Araneae, Theridiidae). Phelsuma 14: 49-89 pdf

WSC (2024) World Spider Catalog. Version 25.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (22.01.2024) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

08-05-2024 Distribution update Detail
08-05-2024 Distribution insert Detail
16-07-2020 Distribution update Detail
16-07-2020 Distribution insert Detail
20-09-2018 Image insert
04-07-2017 Distribution update Detail
03-02-2017 Image insert
21-03-2015 Datasheet update Detail
05-01-2015 Distribution update Detail
28-04-2014 Image insert