Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Anatolidion  Wunderlich, 2008   1 species

Anatolidion gentile  (Simon, 1881)

Description
Male

Palp: yellow, tarsus and bulb blackish, very large, as long as prosoma. Bulb: median apophysis small and hidden, theridiid tegular apophysis and conductor large, embolus long and coiled, its distal part enclosed by the conductor. Prosoma reddish-brown, darker in front, 0.7-0.9 mm long, as wide as long. Sternum reddish-brown, often with a thin black borderline. Eyes: medians almost equal, median ocular quadrangle as wide as long, wider in front. Chelicerae: promargin with one tooth. Legs uniform brownish, tibia I and II with 2 bristles, tibia III with one bristle, tibia IV probably with only one bristle, metatarsus with a long dorsal bristle, metatarsus I, II and III with trichobothria. Opisthosoma greyish or blackish, mottled with white dots, epigastric region black, spinnerets ringed with black. Opisthosoma egg-shaped, covered with scarce long hairs, epigastric area not bulging.

Body length male: 2-2.5 mm
Female

Epigyne: atrium small, superficial, transverse, with a straight margin behind. Prosoma brownish, darker on cephalic part, with a black borderline. Prosoma 0.8-0.9 mm long, as wide as long. Sternum dark red-brown. Legs brownish, tibia with an apical blackish annulation, sometimes entirely brownish, other segments uniformly coloured. Opisthosoma brownish, dorsally with 2 series of 3 whitish blotches, and posteriorly with a whitish irregular median band, ventrally entirely light brownish.

Body length female: 2.2-2.5 mm
Additional information

In marshes and among tall grass.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Morocco, Algeria, Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, North Macedonia, Greece, Turkey
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Algeria   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| France   (Oger et al., 2017) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Morocco   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| North Macedonia   (Komnenov, 2014) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2019) |||
References

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). [N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Knoflach B, Rollard C, Thaler K (2009b) Notes on Mediterranean Theridiidae (Araneae) - II. ZooKeys 16: 227-264 pdf

Komnenov M (2014) Spider fauna of the Osogovo Mt. Range, Northeastern Macedonia. Fauna Balkana 2: 1-267 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Lecigne S (2017) Contribution a la connaissance de l’araneofaune (Araneae) de l’Algarve (Portugal). Description de Theridion bernardi n.sp. (Araneae: Theridiidae) et redécouverte d’Ozyptila perplexa Simon, 1875 (Araneae: Thomisidae). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 31: 25-48 pdf

Oger P, Danflous S, Van Keer J (2017) Découverte en France continentale d'Anatolidion gentile (Simon, 1881) (Araneae: Theridiidae). Revue Arachnologique (2) 4: 9-10 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Sánchez I, Bosmans R (2017) Novedades aracnológicas para la Provincia de Cádiz (S de España). Revista de la Sociedad Gaditana de Historia Natural 11: 33-52 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
13-02-2020 Distribution update Detail
01-01-2018 Distribution update Detail
17-12-2017 Distribution update Detail
02-10-2017 Image insert
26-08-2017 Distribution update Detail