Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Episinus  Walckenaer, 1809   7 species

Episinus theridioides  Simon, 1873

Description
Male

Prosoma 1.1 mm long. Characters as in female.

Body length male: 2.8 mm
Female

Epigyne with rounded cavity, slightly wider than long, with the edges hardly sclerotized. Prosoma light brownish, with a black borderline and a median longitudinal blackish band. Prosoma 1.2-1.3 mm long. Sternum dark brown, lighter in the middle. Eyes: median ocular quadrangle much narrower in front than behind. Legs yellowish with dark annulations, as in E. angulatus. Opisthosoma greyish with numerous black spots, folium indistinct, ventrally with some whitish spots. Opisthosoma oval, rounded behind, without tubercles.

Body length female: 3.1-3.6 mm
Additional information

In coniferous and beech forests, meadows and under stones. Altitude 800-1400 m.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Spain, France (mainland, Corsica), Italy (Sardinia)
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
France   ( no references ) ||| France / Corsica   ( no references ) ||| Italy / Sardinia   ( no references ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) |||
References

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Knoflach B (1993b) Das Männchen von Episinus theridioides Simon (Arachnida: Araneae, Theridiidae). Mitt Schweiz Entomol Ges 66: 359-366

Knoflach B, Rollard C, Thaler K (2009b) Notes on Mediterranean Theridiidae (Araneae) - II. ZooKeys 16: 227-264 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
01-06-2015 Image insert