Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Episinus  Walckenaer, 1809   7 species

Episinus theridioides  Simon, 1873

Description
Male

Prosoma 1.1 mm long. Characters as in female.

Body length male: 2.8 mm
Female

Epigyne with rounded cavity, slightly wider than long, with the edges hardly sclerotized. Prosoma light brownish, with a black borderline and a median longitudinal blackish band. Prosoma 1.2-1.3 mm long. Sternum dark brown, lighter in the middle. Eyes: median ocular quadrangle much narrower in front than behind. Legs yellowish with dark annulations, as in E. angulatus. Opisthosoma greyish with numerous black spots, folium indistinct, ventrally with some whitish spots. Opisthosoma oval, rounded behind, without tubercles.

Body length female: 3.1-3.6 mm
Additional information

In coniferous and beech forests, meadows and under stones. Altitude 800-1400 m.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Spain, France (mainland, Corsica), Italy (Sardinia)
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
France   (Le Peru, 2007) ||| France / Corsica   (Le Peru, 2007) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) |||
References

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). [N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Knoflach B (1993b) Das Männchen von Episinus theridioides Simon (Arachnida: Araneae, Theridiidae). Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 66: 359-366 pdf

Knoflach B, Rollard C, Thaler K (2009b) Notes on Mediterranean Theridiidae (Araneae) - II. ZooKeys 16: 227-264 pdf

Le Peru B (2007) Catalogue et répartition des araignées de France. Revue Arachnologique 16: 1-468

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
26-05-2020 Distribution update Detail
01-06-2015 Image insert