Resources:
Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Episinus  Walckenaer, 1809   7 species

Episinus cavernicola  (Kulczyński, 1897)

Description
Male

Prosoma length: 1.1 mm.

Female

Epigyne a large, deep cavity with strongly sclerotised margin. Copulatory ducts short, their lumen narrow and completely sclerotised. Prosoma brown with dark margins and median band. Sternum brown. Legs yellow-brown, femur and tibia with 2 dark annulations, metatarsus distal with 1 faint annulation. Opisthosoma rounded, without tubercles, spotted (after Knoflach & Thaler 2000)

Body length female: 3.4 mm
Additional information

In caves, also among litter and stones at base of rockwall in riverbed.

Troglophile species (Mammola et al. 2018)

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Croatia, Slovenia
Figures
Distribution List
Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Slovenia   ( no references ) |||
References

Chyzer C, Kulczyński W (1897) Araneae hungariae. Budapest, 2, 151-366

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Knoflach B, Thaler K (2000) Notes on Mediterranean Theridiidae (Araneae)-I. Mem Soc Entomol Ital 78 (2): 411-442

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Mammola S, Cardoso P, Ribera C, Pavlek M, Isaia M (2018b) A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe. Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 56: 301-316 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
06-01-2016 Image insert