Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Episinus  Walckenaer, 1809   7 species

Episinus cavernicola  (Kulczyński, 1897)


Prosoma length: 1.1 mm.


Epigyne a large, deep cavity with strongly sclerotised margin. Copulatory ducts short, their lumen narrow and completely sclerotised. Prosoma brown with dark margins and median band. Sternum brown. Legs yellow-brown, femur and tibia with 2 dark annulations, metatarsus distal with 1 faint annulation. Opisthosoma rounded, without tubercles, spotted (after Knoflach & Thaler 2000)

Body length female: 3.4 mm
Additional information

In caves, also among litter and stones at base of rockwall in riverbed.

Troglophile species (Mammola et al. 2018)

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2022): Croatia, Slovenia
Distribution List
Croatia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) |||

Chyzer C, Kulczyński W (1897) Araneae Hungariae. Tomus II. Academia Scientarum Hungaricae, Budapest, pp. 147-366, pl. 6-10. pdf

Knoflach B, Thaler K (2000) Notes on Mediterranean Theridiidae (Araneae)-I. Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 78: 411-442 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Mammola S, Cardoso P, Ribera C, Pavlek M, Isaia M (2018b) A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe. Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 56: 301-316 pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (21.01.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

06-01-2016 Image insert