Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Rhomphaea  L. Koch, 1872   5 species

Rhomphaea rostrata  (Simon, 1873)

Description
Male

Prosoma without tubercle. Prosoma 1-1.5 mm long. Opisthosoma narrow, with a very long posterior tubercle, cylindrical, part behind the spinnerets 3 or more times as long as the rest of opisthosoma, the end of tubercle is curved.

Female

Epigyne: deep and longitudinal furrow. Prosoma brownish, with a dark borderline, clypeus wide, almost horizontal. Prosoma 1.2 mm long. Sternum brown, with reddish spots. Legs whitish, with a ventral reddish line. Opisthosoma pale yellow, a little silvery, with 2 lateral greyish bands, ventrally brownish, with a very long posterior tubercle, cylindrical, part behind the spinnerets 3 times as long as the rest of opisthosoma.

Body length female: 4-6.2 mm
Additional information

In garrigue, on oaks and heather.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Canary Is., Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Bosnia and Herzegovina   (Komnenov, 2010) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Greece / Crete   (no references) ||| Italy   (no references) ||| Italy / Sicily   (no references) ||| Malta   (Dentici & Amata, 2018) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Spain / Balearic Islands   (Branco et al., 2019) |||
References

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). [N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Dentici A, Amata F C (2018) New faunistic data for the Sicilian arachnofauna (Arachnida Araneae). Biodiversity Journal 9: 271-276 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2009c) A possible record of Rhomphaea longicaudata from Greece (Araneae, Theridiidae). Nieuwsbrief SPINED 27: 10-15 pdf

Komnenov M (2010) Checklist of spiders (Araneae) of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Uzizaž i Biospeld 5(2009): 52-69 pdf

Kulczyński W (1905a) Fragmenta arachnologica. I-IV. Bulletin International de l'Academie des Sciences de Cracovie 1904: 533-568 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Lecigne S (2016c) Contribution à la connaissance de l'aranéofaune (Araneae) de Crète (Grèce) et description de la femelle inconnue de Neaetha absheronica Logunov & Guseinov, 2002 (Salticidae). Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 30: 95-118 pdf

Lecigne S (2018b) Récits de chasses aranéologiques récentes dans plusieurs départements de France. Redécouverte de Philodromus buchari Kubcová, 2004 (Araneae: Philodromidae) et confirmation de la présence de Theridion harmsi Wunderlich, 2011 (Araneae: Theridiidae). Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 33: 59-99 pdf

Lissner J (2017b) A contribution to the knowledge of Rhomphaea L. Koch, 1872 (Araneae: Theridiidae) in the Mediterranean and Macaronesian regions. Arachnology 17: 287-293 pdf

Pantini P, Mazzoleni F (2018) I ragni de Calabria (Arachnida Araneae). Rivista del Museo Civico di Scienze Naturali "E. Caffi", Bergamo 31: 11-69 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Wunderlich J (1987) Die Spinnen der Kanarischen Inseln und Madeiras: Adaptive Radiation, Biogeographie, Revisionen und Neubeschreibungen. Triops, Langen, 435 pp. pdf

Updates
16-07-2020 Distribution update Detail
16-07-2020 Distribution insert Detail
08-06-2020 Distribution update Detail
16-10-2018 Distribution update Detail
20-09-2018 Image insert
20-04-2018 Image insert
20-04-2018 Distribution update Detail
16-11-2017 Distribution update Detail
16-11-2017 Image insert
04-02-2016 Distribution update Detail
19-01-2016 Image insert
07-10-2015 Image insert
25-06-2013 Image insert