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Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Harpactocrates  Simon, 1914   13 species

Harpactocrates apennicola  Simon, 1914

Description
Male

Similar to H. drassoides. Male palp with straight bulbal neck. Prosoma 4.5-4.7 mm long.

Body length male: 10-13 mm
Female

Similar to H. drassoides. Prosoma 4.6-5.1 mm long. Eyes: PME smaller than the other eyes, anteriors one diameter apart, PLE less than one diameter from PME.

Body length female: 10-13 mm
Additional information

In mountains, coniferous forests, under stones and bark. Northern Apennines to Sea Alps. Altitude 500 m, 1100 m.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): France, Italy
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Alicata P (1964b) Le specie italiane di Harpactocrates e di Parachtes n. gen. (Araneae, Dysderidae). Annuar Ist Mus Zool Univ Napoli 16(3): 1-40

Deeleman-Reinhold C L, Deeleman P R (1988) Revision des Dysderinae (Araneae, Dysderidae), les espèces mediterranéennes occidentales exceptées. Tijdschr Ent 131: 141-269

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. [Old pdf-version: Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at Pantini_&_Isaia_- _Checklist_of_the_Italian_spiders._June_2018.] Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (unpubl.)

Thaler K, Madlener I (1979) Die Harpactocrates-Arten der Westalpen (Arachnida: Aranei, Dysderidae). Mitt Schweiz Entomol Ges 52: 359-367

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2