Pholcidae  C. L. Koch, 1850 / Smeringopus  Simon, 1890   1 species

Smeringopus pallidus  (Blackwall, 1858)


Male prosoma ochre-yellow with brown median and lateral marks, clypeus with pair of dark stripes, sternum brown, legs ochre-yellow to light brown, femora and tibiae with dark subdistal rings and lighter tips, opisthosoma ochre-grey with distinct dorsal and ventral pattern. Ocular area slightly elevated, deep thoracic pit. Chelicerae with small distal apophyses. Palpal coxa with small but distinct retrolateral apophysis, femur with wide retrolateral furrow, proximal rim slightly more distinct, cymbium with projection near tarsal organ, bulb with sclerotized embolus and distinctive dorsal process. Legs without spines, few vertical hairs, with curved hairs ventrally on tibiae and metatarsi I and II, retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia I at 2.5 %; prolateral trichobothrium present on tibia I.

Body length male: 5.3 mm

Females in general similar to males. Epigynum a simple, small oval to rectangular dark plate without pockets.

Additional information

This species of African origin is not native to Europe (alien species). It had been introduced into Europe and did not establish yet (Huber et al. 2017).

  Not established
  No data
Distribution comment: Alien species to Europe, afrotropical origin, now Cosmopolitan distribution.
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Africa. Introduced to the Caribbeen, South America, Sri Lanka, China, Laos, Philippines, Indonesia, Australia, Pacific islands
Distribution List
Netherlands   (no references) |||

Huber B A (2001) The pholcids of Australia (Araneae; Pholcidae): taxonomy, biogeography, and relationships. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 260: 1-144 pdf

Huber B A (2012) Revision and cladistic analysis of the Afrotropical endemic genus Smeringopus Simon, 1890 (Araneae: Pholcidae). Zootaxa 3461: 1-138 pdf

Huber B A, Neumann J, Grabolle A, Hula V (2017) Aliens in Europe: updates on the distributions of Modisimus culicinus and Micropholcus fauroti (Araneae, Pholcidae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 53: 12-18 pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (03.01.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

03-01-2019 Datasheet update Detail
27-01-2017 Datasheet update Detail
27-01-2017 Distribution update Detail