Pholcidae  C. L. Koch, 1850 / Holocnemus  Simon, 1873   4 species

Holocnemus caudatus  (Dufour, 1820)


Palp very large, femur short and globular, tibia very convex, with long bristles, tarsus short and rounded, basally with 2 small lateral protuberances, bulb globular, almost square at its end.

Body length male: 5 mm

Palp: femur, patella and tibia darker. Sternum black. Legs yellowish, femur and tibia apically with thin white annulations. Opisthosoma twice as long as prosoma, narrow, posteriorly in the shape of a long tubercle. Opisthosoma silvery grey, with lateral, thin, dark lines, ventrally with a longitudinal wide, brown band. Spinnerets form a conical protuberance.

Additional information

In rock crevices.

Troglophile species (Mammola et al., 2022)

  Not established
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2024): Spain, Andorra
Distribution List

"No references" does not mean that the species does not occur in this country, but that we have not yet inserted the reference for it. We are working on it.

Andorra   (Huber, 2022) ||| Italy / Sicily  Removed (Pantini & Isaia, 2019; Huber, 2022) ||| Morocco   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019; Huber, 2022) ||| United Kingdom   (Wilson, 2012) |||

Benhadi-Marín J, Barrientos J A , Ferrández M A, Henriques S, Morano E (2013) Second annotated list of selected spider families (Arachnida: Araneae) held at the University of León (Spain). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 22: 71-78 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Breitling R (2020) South European spiders from the Duffey collection in the Manchester Museum (Arachnida: Araneae). Arachnology 18: 333-362 pdf

Huber B A (2022) Revisions of Holocnemus and Crossopriza: the spotted-leg clade of Smeringopinae (Araneae, Pholcidae). European Journal of Taxonomy 795: 1-241 pdf

Mammola S, Pavlek M, Huber B A, Ballarin F, Tolve M, Čupić I, Hesselberg T, Lunghi E, Mouron S, Graco-Roza C, Cardoso P (2022) A trait database and updated checklist for European subterranean spiders. Scientific Data 9(236): 1-13 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Wilson R (2012) An American jumper in Leeds, west Yorkshire and an update on non-native taxa recorded in the UK. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 123: 10-15 pdf

WSC (2024) World Spider Catalog. Version 25.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (22.01.2024) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

25-02-2022 Image insert
23-02-2022 Distribution insert Detail
23-02-2022 Distribution update Detail
24-07-2020 Image insert
28-11-2019 Distribution update Detail
05-03-2015 Image insert
10-12-2013 Distribution update Detail