Pholcidae  C. L. Koch, 1850 / Holocnemus  Simon, 1875   4 species

Holocnemus caudatus  (Dufour, 1820)


Palp very large, femur short and globular, tibia very convex, with long bristles, tarsus short and rounded, basally with 2 small lateral protuberances, bulb globular, almost square at its end.

Body length male: 5 mm

Palp: femur, patella and tibia darker. Sternum black. Legs yellowish, femur and tibia apically with thin white annulations. Opisthosoma twice as long as prosoma, narrow, posteriorly in the shape of a long tubercle. Opisthosoma silvery grey, with lateral, thin, dark lines, ventrally with a longitudinal wide, brown band. Spinnerets form a conical protuberance.

Additional information

In rock crevices.

Troglophile species (Mammola et al. 2018)

  No data
Distribution comment: Record from Sicily doubtful (Pantini & Isaia 2019)
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Portugal, Spain
Distribution List
Morocco   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) |||

Benhadi-Marín J, Barrientos J A , Ferrández M A, Henriques S, Morano E (2013) Second annotated list of selected spider families (Arachnida: Araneae) held at the University of León (Spain). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 22: 71-78 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Breitling R (2020) South European spiders from the Duffey collection in the Manchester Museum (Arachnida: Araneae). Arachnology 18: 333-362 pdf

Mammola S, Cardoso P, Ribera C, Pavlek M, Isaia M (2018b) A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe. Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 56: 301-316 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Wilson R (2012) An American jumper in Leeds, west Yorkshire and an update on non-native taxa recorded in the UK. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 123: 10-15 pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 22.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (22.09.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

24-07-2020 Image insert
28-11-2019 Distribution update Detail
05-03-2015 Image insert
10-12-2013 Distribution update Detail