Telemidae  Fage, 1913 / Telema  Simon, 1882   1 species

Telema tenella  Simon, 1882


Characters as in female. Palp: femur twice as long as tarsus, bulb very large, pyriform, with a single short apophysis.

Body length male: 1-1.5 mm

Palp: femur as long as tarsus, and as long as tibia and patella together. Prosoma scarcely longer than wide. Prosoma and sternum light reddish brown. Eyes absent. Anterior edge of labium with 4 strong bristles, and 8 small bristles. Chelicerae: promargin with a strong basal tooth, followed by 5 smaller teeth, retromargin with 4 teeth. Legs: femur I very widened, patella and tibia with one spine. Legs light reddish brown. Opisthosoma greenish, covered with long hairs.

Body length female: 1-1.5 mm
Additional information

In caves, mine. Altitude 1000 m. This spider makes very thin sheet-like webs in rock crevices. Egg sacs are discoidal and have 1.5 to 2 mm in diameter, they are formed by 2 thin sheets between which 3 or 4 eggs are laid (rarely one egg), eggs are relatively large, 0.4 mm in diameter. Spiderlings hatch after about 10 months, and the juveniles take 3 years to reach maturity. Adults may live for up to 12 years.

Troglobiont species (Mammola et al. 2018)

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2022): Spain, France
Distribution List
France   (no references) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) |||

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Mammola S, Cardoso P, Ribera C, Pavlek M, Isaia M (2018b) A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe. Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 56: 301-316 pdf

Wang C X, Ribera C, Li S Q (2012) On the identity of the type species of the genus Telema (Araneae, Telemidae). ZooKeys 251: 11-19 pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (21.01.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

11-11-2015 Image insert