Uloboridae  Thorell, 1869 / Polenecia  Lehtinen, 1967   1 species

Polenecia producta  (Simon, 1873)

Description
Male

Palp: cymbium with a thin distal projection and 2 marginal spines. Prosoma 1 mm long. Opisthosoma cylindrical.

Body length male: 2.6 mm
Female

Epigyne with an extension directed posteriorly. Prosoma blackish with a red tinge on cephalic part, covered with a dense white pubescence. Prosoma 1.6 mm long. Sternum black, with white hairs. Eyes: posteriors large, equal in size, in a wide row, AME equal to posteriors, AME more than one diameter apart. Chelicerae reddish-brown, short. Legs dark reddish-brown, metatarsus IV much longer than tibia IV. Opisthosoma with a large conical protuberance behind, white yellowish, with a thin longitudinal black line, and on the sides of protuberance 2 oblique black streaks, ventrally black, in the middle with a white blotch, opisthosoma covered with a dense and long white pubescence.

Body length female: 4.5-5.4 mm
Additional information

In dry shrubs and dry grassland. Altitude up to 1200 m.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Mediterranean to Azerbaijan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Brignoli P M (1979a) Contribution à la connaissance des Uloboridae paléarctiques (Araneae). Rev Arachnol 2: 275-282

Brignoli P M (1983a) On the alleged absence of fertilization ducts in the genus Polenecia (Araneae, Uloboridae). J Arachnol 11: 95-96

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Lehtinen P T (1967) Classification of the cribellate spiders and some allied families, with notes on the evolution of the suborder Araneomorpha. Ann Zool Fenn 4: 199-468

Opell B D (1979) Revision of the genera and tropical American species of the spider family Uloboridae. Bulletin Museum Comparative Zoology 148: 443-549

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
03-09-2013 Image insert
18-06-2013 Image insert