Uloboridae  Thorell, 1869 / Polenecia  Lehtinen, 1967   1 species

Polenecia producta  (Simon, 1873)

Description
Male

Palp: cymbium with a thin distal projection and 2 marginal spines. Prosoma 1 mm long. Opisthosoma cylindrical.

Body length male: 2.6 mm
Female

Epigyne with an extension directed posteriorly. Prosoma blackish with a red tinge on cephalic part, covered with a dense white pubescence. Prosoma 1.6 mm long. Sternum black, with white hairs. Eyes: posteriors large, equal in size, in a wide row, AME equal to posteriors, AME more than one diameter apart. Chelicerae reddish-brown, short. Legs dark reddish-brown, metatarsus IV much longer than tibia IV. Opisthosoma with a large conical protuberance behind, white yellowish, with a thin longitudinal black line, and on the sides of protuberance 2 oblique black streaks, ventrally black, in the middle with a white blotch, opisthosoma covered with a dense and long white pubescence.

Body length female: 4.5-5.4 mm
Additional information

In dry shrubs and dry grassland. Altitude up to 1200 m.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Mediterranean to Azerbaijan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Algeria   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2020) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Tunisia   (Bosmans, unpubl.) |||
References

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). [N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Brignoli P M (1979f) Contribution à la connaissance des Uloboridae paléarctiques (Araneae). Revue Arachnologique 2: 275-282 pdf

Brignoli P M (1983a) On the alleged absence of fertilization ducts in the genus Polenecia (Araneae, Uloboridae). Journal of Arachnology 11: 95-96 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Lehtinen P T (1967) Classification of the cribellate spiders and some allied families, with notes on the evolution of the suborder Araneomorpha. Annales Zoologici Fennici 4: 199-468 pdf

Opell B D (1979) Revision of the genera and tropical American species of the spider family Uloboridae. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 148: 443-549 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
03-09-2013 Image insert
18-06-2013 Image insert