Eresidae  C. L. Koch, 1845 / Stegodyphus  Simon, 1873   4 species

Stegodyphus lineatus  (Latreille, 1817)

Description
Male

Colouration as in female, but opisthosoma with black stripes wider.

Body length male: 8-15 mm
Female

Prosoma uniformly dark red brown, with longitudinal rows of white hairs. Prosoma 5.1-8.1 mm long. Sternum and legs lighter than prosoma, with blackish and white hairs. Opisthosoma covered with white hairs, and with 2 longitudinal black stripes.

Body length female: 10-23 mm
Additional information

In sunny and dry areas, bushes, shrubs, Ombelliferae. This species has a colonial life style during the early stages, but adults are solitary. Young spiders remain gregarious when they come out of the egg sac. During the earliest stages the spiders are completely dependent on maternal feeding by regurgitation. Adults have solitary living, but sometimes adult males have been observed close to the female in the same web. Females have been reported to reach maturity after 9 moultings, and males after 7 to 9 moultings. Adult females may continue to moult.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Southern Europe, North Africa to Tajikistan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Algeria   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Armenia   (Otto, 2020) ||| Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2020) ||| Egypt   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Greece / Crete   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sicily   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Libya   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Morocco   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Tunisia   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2021a) |||
References

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Breitling R (2020) South European spiders from the Duffey collection in the Manchester Museum (Arachnida: Araneae). Arachnology 18: 333-362 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2021a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2021 [last updated 1 January 2021], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Miller J A, Griswold C E, Scharff N, Řezáč M, Szűts T, Marhabaie M (2012) The velvet spiders: an atlas of the Eresidae (Arachnida, Araneae). ZooKeys 195: 1-144 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Seyyar O, Demir H (2021b) The poorly known species Stegodyphus lineatus (Latreille, 1817) (Araneae: Eresidae) in Turkey. Serket 18: 77-79 pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 22.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (22.09.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
12-11-2021 Image insert
26-07-2020 Image insert
01-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
19-11-2013 Image insert
09-04-2013 Distribution update Detail