Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Rhode  Simon, 1882   8 species

Rhode aspinifera  (Nikolic, 1963)


Prosoma red-brown, 1.3-1.4 mm long. Both sexes eyeless. Sternum provided with small, robust tubercles. Chelicerae provided with small, robust tubercles. Femur provided with small, robust tubercles.

Body length male: 3.3 mm

Prosoma 1.6 mm long. Chelicerae: promargin with 3 teeth, retromargin with one tooth. Legs covered with hairs, particularly on the ventral side of metatarsus.

Body length female: 3.8 mm
Additional information

Found in caves, deeper ground and under stones.

Troglobiont species (Mammola et al. 2018b)

Frequency: Very rarely found

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Italy, Slovenia, Croatia
 male  female
Distribution List
Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Slovenia   ( Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015; ) |||

Deeleman-Reinhold C L (1978a) Les araignées du genre Rhode de Yougoslavie (Araneae, Dysderidae). Int J Speleol 9: 251-266

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Mammola S, Cardoso P, Ribera C, Pavlek M, Isaia M (2018b) A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe. Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 56: 301-316 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Thaler K (1990c) Das Männchen von Rhode aspinifera (Nikolic) (Arachnida: Araneae, Dysderidae). Mitt schweiz ent Ges 63: 147-152

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

07-01-2020 Distribution update Detail
01-10-2013 Image insert
25-06-2013 Distribution update Detail