Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Episinus  Walckenaer, 1809   7 species

Episinus angulatus  (Blackwall, 1836)

Description

Male palp with distal apophysis, terminates with narrow process. Anterior margin of epigyne produced to a backwardly directing tip. Femur and patella of legs I and II yellowish. Opisthosoma with broad dark median stripe and dark stripe close to the bright margin.

Body length male: 4.5-5.5 mm
Body length female: 4.5-5.5 mm
Additional information

On shrubs and bushes, near the ground, not rare, mostly in more damp habitats than E. truncatus

Frequency: Widely distributed

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe, Turkey, Russia (Europe to West Siberia), Central Asia
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Ivanov V V (2013) The checklist of Belarusian spiders (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoology and Ecology 4: 293-311 pdf

Knoflach B (1993b) Das Männchen von Episinus theridioides Simon (Arachnida: Araneae, Theridiidae). Mitt Schweiz Entomol Ges 66: 359-366

Knoflach B, Thaler K (2000) Notes on Mediterranean Theridiidae (Araneae)-I. Mem Soc Entomol Ital 78 (2): 411-442

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Locket G H, Millidge A F, Merrett P (1974) British Spiders 3. Ray Soc London

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Wiehle H (1937) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VIII. 26: Familie Theridiidae oder Haubennetzspinnen (Kugelspinnen). Tierwelt Deutschlands 33

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
27-08-2019 Image insert
28-04-2014 Distribution update Old value
16-04-2013 Image insert
15-04-2013 Distribution update Old value