Leptonetidae  Simon, 1890 / Protoleptoneta  Deltshev, 1972   4 species

Protoleptoneta bulgarica  Deltshev, 1972


Similar to P. italica. Palp: tarsus with a shallow depression in the middle, and a small protuberance bearing a spine longer than the others. Prosoma pale yellow, 0.82 mm long. Legs yellowish, with spines. Opisthosoma pale yellow.

Body length male: 2 mm

Similar to P. italica. Palp: sickle-shaped claw with a tooth. Prosoma pale yellow, 0.73 mm long. Legs yellowish, with spines. Opisthosoma pale yellow.

Body length female: 2.1 mm
Additional information

In caves.

Troglophile species (Mammola et al. 2018)

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Bulgaria

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Deltshev C (1972) A new genus of Bulgarian cave spiders (Protoleptoneta bulgarica n.g., n. sp.) Int J Speleol 4: 275-283

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Mammola S, Cardoso P, Ribera C, Pavlek M, Isaia M (2018b) A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe. Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 56: 301-316 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

27-11-2014 Image insert