Leptonetidae  Simon, 1890 / Paraleptoneta  Fage, 1913   2 species

Paraleptoneta spinimana  (Simon, 1884)


Palp: tibia with one basal spine and one or 2 apical strong spines. Sternum much longer than wide. Chelicerae with a basal spine.

Body length male: 1.7 mm

Palp: femur with 5 prolateral spines, tarsal claw with 2 small teeth. Prosoma and sternum pale reddish brown. Eyes: posteriors 1.5 diameters from ALE. Chelicerae: promargin with 7 equal, contiguous teeth, retromargin with 3 small teeth. Legs pale reddish brown, without spines, except patella. Opisthosoma white.

Body length female: 1.5-2.7 mm
Additional information

Usually in caves, occasionally under large stones.

Troglophile species (Mammola et al. 2018b)

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2022): Algeria, France, Italy
 male  female
Distribution List
Algeria   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| France   (Esnault, 2020) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sicily   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) |||

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Brignoli P M (1967b) Considerazioni sul genere Paraleptoneta e descrizione di una nuova specie italiana (Araneae, Leptonetidae). Fragmenta Entomologica 4: 157-169 pdf

Brignoli P M (1970) Considerazioni biogeografiche sulla famiglia Leptonetidae (Araneae). Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris 41(Suppl. 1): 189-195 pdf

Brignoli P M (1979h) Ragni d'Italia XXXI. Specie cavernicole nuove o interessanti (Araneae). Quaderni del Museo di Speleologia "V. Rivera" 5(10): 1-48 pdf

Esnault M (2020) Découverte de Paraleptoneta spinimana (Simon, 1884) (Araneae, Leptonetidae), espèce nouvelle pour la faune der de France. Revue Arachnologique (2) 7: 27-31 pdf

Mammola S, Cardoso P, Ribera C, Pavlek M, Isaia M (2018b) A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe. Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 56: 301-316 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (21.07.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

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