Theraphosidae  Thorell, 1869 / Ischnocolus  Ausserer, 1871   3 species

Ischnocolus valentinus  (Dufour, 1820)


Body uniform blackish brown. Chelicerae apically with 2 or 3 small spines on interior side. Anterior tarsi without spines, with scopula, posterior metatarsi with spines, tarsal claws pectinated, with 4 external teeth and 7 or 8 internal denticles, leg IV the longest. Bulb oval, embolus straight.


Basic colour brown with long, shaggy, dirty, yellow hairs. Opisthosoma darkish with indistinct pattern. Epigyne: seminal receptacles broad and well-rounded with bowed sides.

Additional information

Mediterranean habitat with sparse oaks and bushes. Under large, rather flattish stones. Altitude 100-200 m above sea level.

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2024): Spain, Italy (Sicily), Morocco, Algeria, Tunesia, Libya
Distribution List

"No references" does not mean that the species does not occur in this country, but that we have not yet inserted the reference for it. We are working on it.

Algeria   (Guadanucci & Wendt, 2014; Benhacene et al., 2023) ||| Italy / Sicily   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Libya   (Guadanucci & Wendt, 2014) ||| Morocco   (Guadanucci & Wendt, 2014) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Tunisia   (Guadanucci & Wendt, 2014; Bosmans, 2003) |||

Benhacene R, Adjami A, Hadjeb A, Kermiche K, Ouakid M L (2023) Bibliographic checklist of the Algerian spider fauna (Araneae). Zootaxa 5352: 301-357 pdf

Bosmans R (2003) A checklist of the spiders of Tunisia, with description of a new species of Palliduphantes Saaristo & Tanasevitch (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Kaupia - Darmstädter Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte 12: 89-109 pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Decae A (unpubl.)

Guadanucci J P L & Wendt I (2014) Revision of the spider genus Ischnocolus Ausserer, 1871 (Mygalomorphae: Theraphosidae: Ischnocolinae). Journal of Natural History 48: 387-402 pdf

Korba J, Opatova V, Calatayud-Mascarell A, Enguídanos A, Bellvert A, Adrián S, Sánchez-Vialas A, Arnedo M A (2022) Systematics and phylogeography of western Mediterranean tarantulas (Araneae: Theraphosidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 196: 845-884 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Tamajón Gómez R, Pertegal Pérez C, Rodríguez Castilla G (2020) Primeros registros de Ischnocolus valentinus (Dufour, 1820) (Araneae: Theraphosidae) en la provincia de Córdoba (Andalucía, España). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 36: 165-166 pdf

WSC (2024) World Spider Catalog. Version 25.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (22.01.2024) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Zonstein S L (2018) Complementary data on the genus Ischnocolus (Araneae: Theraphosidae). Israel Journal of Entomology 48: 105-118 pdf

09-10-2022 Image insert
02-08-2021 Distribution update Detail
05-07-2020 Image insert
16-01-2019 Image insert
26-07-2016 Datasheet update Detail
05-08-2014 Distribution update Detail