Sparassidae  Bertkau, 1872 / Heteropoda  Latreille, 1804   2 species

Heteropoda venatoria  (Linnaeus, 1767)

Description

Both eye rows recurved. Anterior median eyes smaller than anterior lateral eyes, posterior lateral eyes on vague elevations. Legs II much longer than remaining legs, leg position distinctly laterigrade, leg formula II-I-IV-III.

Body length male: 21 mm
Body length female: 17-34 mm
Additional information

Big, very quick spiders, in Central Europe only in warm houses, often also in storehouses (banana spider), but not able to survive here. Originally from Southeast Asia, cosmopolitically distributed today. Females carry the discus-shaped, 20-30 mm large cocoon, welcomed guests in houses in the tropics because they capture cockroaches and other insects.

This species can bite humans, usually when they try to catch or remove it with their hands. The bite causes pain, described as immediate and transient, disappearing already after a few minutes.

This species of Asian origin is not native to Europe (alien species). It had been introduced to Europe at least once and did establish.

Distribution
  Presence
  Not established
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Tropical Asia. Introduced to Pacific Is., North, Central and South America, Macaronesia, Europe, Africa
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Isbister G K, White J (2004) Clinical consequences of spider bites: recent advances in our understanding. Toxicon 43: 477–492

Jäger P (2000) Selten nachgewiesene Spinnenarten aus Deutschland (Arachnida: Araneae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 19: 49-57

Rozwalka R, Rutkowski T, Bielak-Bielecki P (2013) New data on introduced and rare synanthropic spider species (Arachnida: Araneae) in Poland. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska Lublin - Polonia 68: 127-150

Wilson R (2012) An American jumper in Leeds, west Yorkshire and an update on non-native taxa recorded in the UK. Newsl Br arachnol Soc 123: 10-15 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
21-09-2017 Distribution update Old value
05-09-2017 Distribution update Old value
03-02-2017 Image insert
13-05-2014 Distribution update Old value
10-12-2013 Distribution update Old value
26-11-2013 Datasheet update Old value