Thomisidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Spiracme  Menge, 1876   1 species

Spiracme striatipes  (L. Koch, 1870)

Description

Palp yellow-brown. Cymbium retrolaterally asymmetrically bulged in the middle. Tibial apophysis bipartite, ventral apophysis slightly broadened toward tip and with blunt end. Retrolateral apophysis broad in ventral view, with striking, small, hook-like bent process on distal end. Embolus with piston-like widened tip, with transverse folds. Epigyne with median tube-like bulged protrusion. Bar between the 2 epigynal grooves approximately as wide as epigynal groove. Vulva consists of long oval structures chambered on the inside. Prosoma with 3 broad longitudinal stripes. Female: brown-beige-brown, male: dark brown-brown-dark brown. Sternum beige or brown to dark brown, longish oval to slightly roundish or heart-shaped. Chelicerae beige and brown patterned, frontally spined. Legs slender, long with brown to yellowish light brown or olive brown colour, with cream or dark brown dorsal longitudinal stripes. Opisthosoma slender with dark brown to olive brown oval. Margin of opisthosoma narrowly to broadly coloured with white or cream, with some dark spots. Male: with lancet-shaped brightened area, 5 distinct sigilla. Spinnerets brown to dark brown.

Body length male: 4.6-5.8 mm
Body length female: 7-7.8 mm
Additional information

On low plants and under stones, thermophilic

Frequency: Not frequent

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe) to Central Asia, Iran, China
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   (Deltshev et al., 2011b) ||| Armenia   (Zarikian & Kalashian, 2021) ||| Austria   (no references) ||| Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2020) ||| Belarus   (Ivanov, 2013) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| France   (no references) ||| Georgia   (Otto, 2020) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Hungary   (Samu & Szinetár, 1999) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Liechtenstein   (no references) ||| Lithuania   (no references) ||| Montenegro   (no references) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Central   (no references) ||| Russia, Eastern   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2020) ||| Serbia   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2021a) ||| Ukraine   (Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019) |||
References

Azheganova N S (1968) Kratkii opredelitel' paukov (Aranei) lesnoi i lesostepnoi zony SSSR. Akademia Nauk SSSR, 149pp. pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2021a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2021 [last updated 1 January 2021], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144 pdf

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Ivanov V V (2013) The checklist of Belarusian spiders (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoology and Ecology 4: 293-311 pdf

Jantscher E (2001a) Revision der Krabbenspinnengattung Xysticus C.L. Koch, 1835 (Araneae, Thomisidae) in Zentraleuropa. Dissertation: 1-328 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Machač O, Ivinskis P, Rimšaitė J (2016) Several new for the Lithuanian fauna species of spiders (Araneae). Naujos ir retos Lietuvos vabzdžių rūšys 28: 121-126 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. pdf

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (03.01.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Zarikian N A, Kalashian M Y (2021) An annotated checklist of spiders deposited in the Arachnida collection of the Institute of Zoology, Scientific Center of Zoology and Hydroecology of the NAS RA, Yerevan, Armenia. Part I. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 61: 11-19 pdf

Updates
01-03-2021 Distribution insert Detail
22-02-2017 Distribution update Detail
21-10-2015 Distribution update Detail
10-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
01-12-2013 Distribution update Detail