Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Crustulina  Menge, 1868   6 species

Crustulina sticta  (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1861)

Description

Embolus with small teeth on main process. Prosoma dark brown. Sternum dark brown. Chelicerae dark brown. Legs dark brown, not annulated. Opisthosoma dorsally whitish with reddish brown spots, laterally and ventrally brown, rarely completely black. Book lung cover bright. Spinnerets bright.

Body length male: 2.5 mm
Body length female: 2.8-3.5 mm
Additional information

In bogs and swampland

Frequency: Widely distributed, rarely found

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): North America, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia, China, Korea, Japan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Knoflach B (1994) Zur Genitalmorphologie und Biologie der Crustulina-Arten Europas (Arachnida: Araneae, Theridiidae). Mitt Schweiz Entomol Ges 67: 327-346

Kupryjanowicz J (1997a) Spiders of the Biebrza National Parc - species new and rare to Poland. Proc 16th Europ Coll Arachnol, Siedlce, pp. 183-194

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Otto S (2019) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 10.2019. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
04-12-2013 Distribution update Old value
24-09-2013 Distribution update Old value