Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Parasteatoda  Archer, 1946   4 species

Parasteatoda simulans  (Thorell, 1875)

Description

Epigyne with entrance ducts approximately as long as wide. Prosoma ochre-yellow. Sternum ochre yellow or brown, mostly irregularly spotted and with dark margin. Legs brown with narrow, darker rings. Opisthosoma spotted light and dark brown.

Body length male: 2.7-3 mm
Body length female: 4-4.4 mm
Additional information

Frequent on tree trunks in woodland

Frequency: Widely distributed

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to South Siberia)
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Knoflach B (1991) Achaearanea tabulata Levi, eine für Österreich neue Kugelspinne (Arachnida, Aranei: Theridiidae). Ber Nat - Med Ver Innsbruck 78: 59-64

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Lissner J (2016c) A small study of the Corsican spider and pseudoscorpion fauna (Araneae, Pseudoscorpiones). Nieuwsbrief SPINED 36: 5-15

Locket G H, Millidge A F, Merrett P (1974) British Spiders 3. Ray Soc London

Mikhailov K G (2013) The spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Russia and adjacent countries: a non-annotated checklist. Arthropoda Selecta, Supplement 3: 1-262 pdf

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Sozontov A N, Esyunin S L (2012) On the fauna (Arachnida: Aranei) of Udmurt Republic. Arthropoda Selecta 21: 85-95

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Yoshida H (2016) Parasteatoda, Campanicola, Cryptachaea and two new genera (Araneae: Theridiidae) from Japan. Bulletin of the Yamagata Prefectural Museum 34: 13-30

Updates
15-01-2017 Image insert
28-12-2016 Datasheet update Old value
28-12-2016 Distribution update Old value
21-10-2015 Distribution update Old value
13-05-2014 Distribution update Old value
01-12-2013 Distribution update Old value