Araneidae  Clerck, 1757 / Leviellus  Wunderlich 2004   3 species

Leviellus thorelli  (Ausserer, 1871)

Description

Male palp with only slightly projecting bulbal apophysis. Paracymbium broadly truncated distally. Epigyne with broad triangular scapus. Prosoma red-brown, margin and eye region black darkened. Sternum almost black with yellow longitudinal spot. Chelicerae dark brown. Legs red-brown, darkly annulated. Opisthosoma grey-yellow, ventrally with dark median stripe.

Body length male: 9-10 mm
Body length female: 11.5-13.5 mm
Additional information

on very warm walls

Frequency: Rarely found

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Record from Albania doubtful (Vrenozi, pers. comm.), therefore removed
Global distribution (WSC 2022): France, Central, Southern and South-Eastern Europe
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   (Geci et al, 2022) ||| Austria   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Czechia   (Řezáč et al., 2021) ||| France   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Hungary   (Samu & Szinetár, 1999) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Kosovo   (Geci & Naumova, 2021b) ||| Montenegro   (no references) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Serbia   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Switzerland   (no references) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Cruveillier M, Guerbaa K, Lecigne S (2017) Découverte en Creuse (France) de Dolomedes plantarius (Clerck, 1758), (Araneae, Pisauridae) et premières redécouvertes en France de Leviellus thorelli (Ausserer, 1871), (Araneae, Araneidae), une espèce rarement observée. Revue Arachnologique (2) 4: 26-34 pdf

Geci D, Ibrahimi H, Bilalli A, Musliu M, Grapci-Kotori L, Gashi A (2022) The spider fauna (Arachnida, Araneae) of abandoned military bunkers in Albania. Natura Croatica 31: 71-78 pdf

Geci D, Naumova M (2021b) A preliminary checklist of the spiders of Kosovo (Arachnida: Araneae). Ecologia Balkanica, Special Edition 4: 11-28 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Loksa I (1972) Pokok II-Araneae II. Fauna Hungariae 109: 1-112 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pfliegler W P (2014) Records of some rare and interesting spider (Araneae) species from anthropogenic habitats in Debrecen, Hungary. e-Acta Naturalia Pannonica 7: 143-156 pdf

Řezáč M, Růžička V, Hula V, Dolanský J, Machač O, Roušar A (2021) Spiders newly observed in Czechia in recent years – overlooked or invasive species? BioInvasions Records 10: 555-566 pdf

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

Wiehle H (1931) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VI. 27: Familie Araneidae. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 23: 47-136 pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (21.07.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
02-08-2022 Image insert
02-08-2022 Distribution insert Detail
05-08-2021 Distribution update Detail
19-06-2021 Distribution insert Detail
02-10-2017 Image insert
12-08-2014 Image insert
20-05-2014 Distribution update Detail