Pholcidae  C. L. Koch, 1850 / Spermophora  Hentz, 1841   2 species

Spermophora senoculata  (Dugès, 1836)

Beschreibung
Männchen

Pedipalpus sehr ungewöhnlich: Tibia mindestens doppelt so lang wie breit, Tarsus mit einer grossen Apophyse, unterteilt in 3 Äste, Bulbus mit 2 langen Apophysen. Prosoma 1 mm lang. Prosoma fast farblos, weisslich mit safranfarbigem Fleck. Opisthosoma kugelförmig, weiss oder mit 3 Paar angedeuteten, dunkleren Flecken.

Weibchen

Prosoma weisslich mit 2 schwachen bräunlichen Zeichnungen. Prosoma 1.2 mm lang. Opisthosoma stark kugelförmig, weiss mit 3 Paar schwachen dunklen Flecken.

Körperlänge Weibchen: 2.1 mm
Zusätzliche Informationen

Unter Steinen, in Steinmauern und Höhlen, in nördlichen Gebieten in Häusern.

Diese Art stammt aus Asien (Nahost) und ist daher nicht-einheimisch für Europa. Sie wurde mindestens einmal nach Europa eingeschleppt und hat sich etabliert.

Troglophile Art (Mammola et al. 2018)

Verbreitung
  Vorkommen
  kein Nachweis
Weltweite Verbreitung (WSC 2020): Middle East. Introduced to USA, southern Europe, China, Korea, Japan
Phänologie
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Abbildungen
Verbreitungsnachweise
Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2020) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Georgia   (Otto, 2020) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Greece / Crete   (no references) ||| Hungary   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sicily   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Malta   (Pfliegler et al., 2017) ||| Montenegro   (no references) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Romania   (Moscaliuc, 2012) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2020) ||| Serbia   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Spain / Balearic Islands   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2019) ||| Turkey (Europe)   (Danışman et al., 2019) ||| Ukraine   (no references) |||
Literatur

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). [N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Demircan N, Topçu A (2016) First records for spider fauna of the European part of Turkey (Araneae). Serket 15: 85-91 pdf

Dresco E, Hubert M (1969) Araneae speluncarum italiae I. Fragmenta Entomologica 6: 167-181 pdf

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kovács G, Szinetár C, Eichardt J (2008) Data on the biology of pale cellar spider (Spermophora senoculata [Dugés, 1836]) (Araneae: Pholcidae). A Nyme Savaria Egyetemi Központ Tudományos Közleményei XVI. Természettudományok 11(Biológia): 125-135 pdf

Kunt K B, Kaya R S, Özkütük R S, Danişman T, Yağmur E A, Elverici M (2012) Additional notes on the spider fauna of Turkey (Araneae). Turkish Journal of Zoology 36: 637-651 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Mammola S, Cardoso P, Ribera C, Pavlek M, Isaia M (2018b) A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe. Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 56: 301-316 pdf

Miller F, Zitnanska O (1976) Einige bemerkenswerte Spinnen aus der Slowakei. Biológia (Bratislava) 31: 81-88 pdf

Moscaliuc L A (2012) New faunistic records of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) from Dobruja (Romania and Bulgaria). Travaux du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle “Grigore Antipa” 55: 9-15 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (unpubl.)

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Schifani E, Dentici A, Alleruzzo L, Di Pompeo P (2019) Spermophora senoculata on Sicily/Italy (Araneae: Pholcidae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 58: 6-8 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
11-10-2020 Gallery image insert
26-05-2020 Distribution update Detail
21-06-2019 Image insert
21-06-2019 Distribution update Detail
16-05-2018 Distribution update Detail
30-09-2015 Distribution update Detail