Segestriidae  Simon, 1893 / Segestria  Latreille, 1804   9 species

Segestria senoculata  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Description
Male

Bulbus with elongated tip. Pedipalpus mit einem langen, dünnen Embolus, gebogen an der Spitze. Prosoma 3-3.5 mm lang. Prosoma shiny dark brown. Sternum light brown. Legs light brown, with dark annulations. Metatarsus I laterally with 3 pairs of spines. Opisthosoma grey-yellow to light brown, pattern as continuous, laterally undulated band consisting of short, brown hairs.

Body length male: 6.5-7.5 mm
Female

Prosoma blackish, lighter behind, 3-3.5 mm long. Sternum brownish as coxa, darker in front. Metatarsus I with 3 pairs of ventrolateral spines, and a ventral median spine in the basal half. Opisthosoma light grey brownish spotted with black, dorsally with a median lobed black band, ventrally without band.

Body length female: 7-10 mm
Additional information

Mostly under bark, also in wall holes, under stones and in beams, frequent in woodland. Cocoon biconvex oval (up to 8 x 13 mm) with 60-180 eggs. Altitude up to 2020 m.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Japan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

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Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Braendegaard J (1966) Edderkopper: Eller Spindlere I Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224

Brignoli P M (1976b) Ragni d'Italia XXIV. Note sulla morfologia dei genitali interni dei Segestriidae e cenni sulle specie italiane (Araneae). Fragm Ent (Roma) 12: 19-62

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

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Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

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Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Vilbaste A (1987) Eesti Ämblikud (Aranei). Annoteeritud nimestik. Estonian spiders (Aranei). An annotated check list. Valgus, Tallinn. 113 pp. & 512 maps on 67 unpag. pages pdf

Wiehle H (1953) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae), IX. Orthognatha-Cribellata-Haplogynae, Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Tierwelt Deutschlands 42

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
09-06-2018 Distribution update Old value
16-05-2018 Distribution update Old value
05-07-2013 Distribution update Old value
15-04-2013 Distribution update Old value