Segestriidae  Simon, 1893 / Segestria  Latreille, 1804   9 species

Segestria senoculata  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Description
Male

Bulbus with elongated tip. Pedipalpus mit einem langen, dünnen Embolus, gebogen an der Spitze. Prosoma 3-3.5 mm lang. Prosoma shiny dark brown. Sternum light brown. Legs light brown, with dark annulations. Metatarsus I laterally with 3 pairs of spines. Opisthosoma grey-yellow to light brown, pattern as continuous, laterally undulated band consisting of short, brown hairs.

Body length male: 6.5-7.5 mm
Female

Prosoma blackish, lighter behind, 3-3.5 mm long. Sternum brownish as coxa, darker in front. Metatarsus I with 3 pairs of ventrolateral spines, and a ventral median spine in the basal half. Opisthosoma light grey brownish spotted with black, dorsally with a median lobed black band, ventrally without band.

Body length female: 7-10 mm
Additional information

Mostly under bark, also in wall holes, under stones and in beams, frequent in woodland. Cocoon biconvex oval (up to 8 x 13 mm) with 60-180 eggs. Altitude up to 2020 m.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Japan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   ( no references ) ||| Andorra   ( no references ) ||| Austria   ( no references ) ||| Belarus   ( no references ) ||| Belgium   ( no references ) ||| Bosnia and Herzegovina   ( no references ) ||| Bulgaria   ( no references ) ||| Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Cyprus   ( no references ) ||| Czechia   ( no references ) ||| Denmark   ( no references ) ||| Estonia   ( no references ) ||| Finland   ( no references ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| France / Corsica   ( no references ) ||| Georgia   ( no references ) ||| Germany   ( no references ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Greece / Crete   ( no references ) ||| Hungary   ( no references ) ||| Ireland   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( no references ) ||| Italy / Sardinia   ( no references ) ||| Italy / Sicily   ( no references ) ||| Latvia   ( no references ) ||| Liechtenstein   ( no references ) ||| Lithuania   ( no references ) ||| Luxembourg   ( no references ) ||| Malta   ( no references ) ||| Moldova   ( no references ) ||| Montenegro   ( no references ) ||| Netherlands   ( no references ) ||| North Macedonia   ( no references ) ||| Northern Ireland   ( no references ) ||| Norway   ( no references ) ||| Poland   ( no references ) ||| Portugal   ( no references ) ||| Romania   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Southern   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Western   ( no references ) ||| Serbia   ( no references ) ||| Slovakia   ( no references ) ||| Slovenia   ( no references ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Spain / Balearic Islands   ( no references ) ||| Sweden   ( no references ) ||| Switzerland   ( no references ) ||| Turkey (Asia)   ( no references ) ||| Turkey (Europe)   ( no references ) ||| Ukraine   ( no references ) ||| United Kingdom   ( no references ) |||
References

Aakra K (2000b) Agyneta mossica (Schikora, 1993) (Araneae: Linyphiidae) in Norway. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 47: 95-99

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Braendegaard J (1966) Edderkopper: Eller Spindlere I Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224

Brignoli P M (1976b) Ragni d'Italia XXIV. Note sulla morfologia dei genitali interni dei Segestriidae e cenni sulle specie italiane (Araneae). Fragm Ent (Roma) 12: 19-62

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Demircan N, Topçu A (2016) First records for spider fauna of the European part of Turkey (Araneae). Serket 15: 85-91 pdf

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kunt K B, Kaya R S, Özkütük R S, Danişman T, Yagmur E A, Elverici M (2012) Additional notes on the spider fauna of Turkey (Araneae). Turkish Journal of Zoology 36: 637-651

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

Otto S (2019) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 10.2019. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Vilbaste A (1987) Eesti Ämblikud (Aranei). Annoteeritud nimestik. Estonian spiders (Aranei). An annotated check list. Valgus, Tallinn. 113 pp. & 512 maps on 67 unpag. pages pdf

Wiehle H (1953) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae), IX. Orthognatha-Cribellata-Haplogynae, Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Tierwelt Deutschlands 42

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
09-06-2018 Distribution update Detail
16-05-2018 Distribution update Detail
05-07-2013 Distribution update Detail
15-04-2013 Distribution update Detail