Titanoecidae  Lehtinen, 1967 / Titanoeca  Thorell, 1870   15 species

Titanoeca schineri  L. Koch, 1872

Description

Epigyne with posteriorly divergent margins of slit. Prosoma reddish brown. Sternum black-brown. Chelicerae black-brown. Legs red-brown. Femur black. Opisthosoma almost black to brownish red, dorsally with one pair of white spots.

Body length male: 4.5-5.5 mm
Body length female: 4.5-8.2 mm
Additional information

On sunny slopes under stones, only sporadically in Central Europe, mostly in high mountain region

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to South Siberia), Iran, Central Asia
Figures
Distribution List
Austria   ( no references ) ||| Azerbaijan   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Belarus   ( no references ) ||| Bulgaria   ( Blagoev et al., 2018; ) ||| Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Czechia   ( no references ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| Georgia   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Hungary   ( no references ) ||| Montenegro   ( no references ) ||| North Macedonia   ( Komnenov, 2014; ) ||| Romania   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Central   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Eastern   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Southern   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Serbia   ( no references ) ||| Slovakia   ( no references ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Turkey (Asia)   ( Danışman et al., 2019; ) ||| Turkey (Europe)   ( Danışman et al., 2019; ) ||| Ukraine   ( Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019; ) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Crespo L C, Domènech M, Enguídanos A, Malumbres-Olarte J, Cardoso P, Moya-Laraño J, Frías-López C, Macías-Hernández N, De Mas E, Mazzuca P, Mora E, Opatova V, Planas E, Ribera C, Roca-Cusachs M, Ruiz D, Sousa P, Tonzo V, Arnedo M A (2018) A DNA barcode-assisted annotated checklist of the spider (Arachnida, Araneae) communities associated to white oak woodlands in Spanish National Parks. Biodiversity Data Journal 6(e29443): 1-459 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Demircan N, Topçu A (2016) First records for spider fauna of the European part of Turkey (Araneae). Serket 15: 85-91 pdf

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Holm Å (1973) On the Spiders collected during the Swedish Expeditions to Novaya Zemlya and Yenisey in 1875 and 1876. Zoologica Scripta 2 2: 71-110 pdf

Hubert M (1966) Remarques sur quelques espèces d'araignées appartenant au genre Titanoeca Thorell 1870. Bull Mus Natl Hist Nat Paris 38: 238-246

Komnenov M (2014) Spider fauna of the Osogovo Mt. Range, Northeastern Macedonia. Fauna Balkana 2: 1-267 pdf

Kratochvíl J (1932b) Rod pavouku Titanoeca Thor. v Ceskoslovenske republice. Sborník Přírodovědecké Společnosti v Moravské Ostravě 7: 11-23 pdf

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

Mcheidze T S (1997) Spiders of Georgia: Systematics, Ecology, Zoogeographic Review. Tbilisi Univ, 390 pp

Miller F (1971) Pavouci-Araneida In: Daniel M & Cerny V. (Hrsg.) Klic zvireny CSSR, Dil. IV. Ceskoslovenska Akademie Ved, Prag: 51-306

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
04-12-2018 Distribution update Detail
16-05-2018 Distribution update Detail
07-10-2015 Image insert