Oonopidae  Simon, 1890 / Oonops  Templeton, 1835   14 species

Oonops pulcher  Templeton, 1835

Description

Bulbus with elongated tip. Epigyne without sclerotised parts. Prosoma pale-reddish to light brick red. Tibia I ventrally with 4 pairs of long spines. Opisthosoma pale-reddish to light brick red.

Body length male: 1.6-1.8 mm
Body length female: 1.9-2.15 mm
Additional information

Under stones and in litter layer, under bark, in old bird nests, formicaries and in webs of other spiders, also in buildings

Since a few decades, this species shows some spreading tendencies within Europe. Nevertheless, it shall not be listed as alien or invasive because it is native for Europe.

Frequency: probably widely distributed

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Italy: see comment by Pantini & Isaia (2015)
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Europe, North Africa. Introduced to Tasmania
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Algeria   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) ||| Austria   ( no references ) ||| Azerbaijan   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Belgium   ( no references ) ||| Bulgaria   ( Blagoev et al., 2018; ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| France / Corsica   ( no references ) ||| Germany   ( no references ) ||| Hungary   ( no references ) ||| Ireland   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Liechtenstein   ( no references ) ||| Luxembourg   ( Kreuels et al., 2019; ) ||| Netherlands   ( no references ) ||| Northern Ireland   ( no references ) ||| Norway   ( no references ) ||| Poland   ( no references ) ||| Portugal   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Southern   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Switzerland   ( no references ) ||| Ukraine   ( no references ) ||| United Kingdom   ( no references ) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Bristowe W S (1948) Notes on the structure and systematic position of oonopid spiders based on an examination of the British species. Proc Zool Soc Lond 118: 878-891

Heimer S (1990) Untersuchungen zur Evolution der Kopulationsorgane bei Spinnen (II) (Arachnida, Araneae). Entomol Abh Mus Tierkd Dresden 53: 97-123

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kreuels M, Staudt A, Christian S (2019) Die Spinnenfauna von Luxemburg – eine Zusammenstellung der Nachweise aus den Jahren 1906-2018 (Arachnida: Araneae). Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois 121: 203-230 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Thaler K (1981c) Bemerkenswerte Spinnenfunde in Nordtirol (Österreich) (Arachnida: Aranei). Veröff Mus Ferdinandeum 61: 105-150

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
06-05-2020 Distribution update Detail
22-09-2017 Image insert
21-10-2015 Distribution update Detail