Oonopidae  Simon, 1890 / Oonops  Templeton, 1835   14 species

Oonops pulcher  Templeton, 1835

Description

Bulbus with elongated tip. Epigyne without sclerotised parts. Prosoma pale-reddish to light brick red. Tibia I ventrally with 4 pairs of long spines. Opisthosoma pale-reddish to light brick red.

Body length male: 1.6-1.8 mm
Body length female: 1.9-2.15 mm
Additional information

Under stones and in litter layer, under bark, in old bird nests, formicaries and in webs of other spiders, also in buildings

Since a few decades, this species shows some spreading tendencies within Europe. Nevertheless, it shall not be listed as alien or invasive because it is native for Europe.

Frequency: probably widely distributed

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Italy: omitted from the Italian checklist by Pantini & Isaia (2019), Greece: "cfr." (Bosmans et al. 2009)
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Europe, North Africa. Introduced to Tasmania
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Algeria   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Austria   (no references) ||| Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2020) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (Bosmans et al., 2009) ||| Hungary   (Samu & Szinetár, 1999) ||| Ireland   (no references) ||| Liechtenstein   (no references) ||| Luxembourg   (Kreuels et al., 2019) ||| Netherlands   (no references) ||| Northern Ireland   (no references) ||| Norway   (Aakra & Hauge, 2003) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2020) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Ukraine   (no references) ||| United Kingdom   (no references) |||
References

Aakra K, Hauge E (2003) Checklist of Norwegian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae), including Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 50: 109-129 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R, Baert L, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H, Maelfait J-P, Van Keer J (2009) Spiders of Lesbos (Greece). Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 24(suppl.): 1-70 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). [N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Bristowe W S (1948) Notes on the structure and systematic position of oonopid spiders based on an examination of the British species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 118: 878-891 pdf

Heimer S (1990) Untersuchungen zur Evolution der Kopulationsorgane bei Spinnen (Arachnida, Araneae). Entomologische Abhandlungen, Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde Dresden 53: 97-123 pdf

Kreuels M, Staudt A, Christian S (2019) Die Spinnenfauna von Luxemburg – eine Zusammenstellung der Nachweise aus den Jahren 1906-2018 (Arachnida: Araneae). Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois 121: 203-230 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British spiders. Vol. I. Ray Society, London, 310 pp. pdf

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 1-133 pdf

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. pdf

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

Thaler K (1981c) Bemerkenswerte Spinnenfunde in Nordtirol (Österreich) (Arachnida: Aranei). Veröffentlichungen des Museum Ferdinandeum in Innsbruck 61: 105-150 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
18-06-2020 Distribution insert Detail
18-06-2020 Distribution update Detail
06-05-2020 Distribution update Detail
22-09-2017 Image insert
21-10-2015 Distribution update Detail