Lycosidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Pardosa  C. L. Koch, 1847   112 species

Pardosa proxima  (C. L. Koch, 1847)

Description

Male palp with tegular apophysis, longer than wide. Margins of epigynal groove parallel in anterior half. Prosoma with broken lateral bands. Prosoma length female: 2.7-3.2 mm, prosoma length male: 2.5-2.8 mm. Legs reddish yellow, darkly annulated. Opisthosoma brown with reddish pattern, mostly indistinct.

Body length male: 5 mm
Body length female: 7-8 mm
Additional information

in meadows and fields, in damp areas

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Austria, Slovakia, Latvia and eastern Europe should be confirmed (see Isaia et al. 2018)
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Macaronesia, northern Africa, southern Europe, Russia (Europe to Far East), Central Asia, China
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Fuhn I E, Niculescu-Burlacu (1971) Fam. Lycosidae. Fauna Republicii Socialiste Romania (Arachnida) 5 (3): 1-253

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Hollander J den, Dijkstra H (1974) Pardosa vlijmi sp. nov., a new ethospecies sibling Pardosa proxima (C.L. Koch, 1848), from France, with description of courtship display. Beaufortia 22: 57-65 pdf

Isaia M, Kronestedt T, Ballarin F, Chiarle A (2018) On the morphological separation of two sibling species: Pardosa proxima (P. vlijmi syn. nov.) and P. tenuipes (Araneae: Lycosidae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 56: 6-16 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Pfliegler W P (2018) Corrections and additions to 'Pfliegler et al. 2017 – New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida'. Soil Organisms 90: 41-42 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Tongiorgi P (1966a) Italian Wolf spiders of the genus Pardosa (Araneae: Lycosidae). Bulletin Museum Comparative Zoology 134: 275-334

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
04-07-2018 Image insert
04-07-2018 Distribution update Old value
15-04-2013 Distribution update Old value