Araneidae  Clerck, 1757 / Araniella  Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942   6 species

Araniella proxima  (Kulczyński, 1885)


Male palp with long median apophysis, uniformly bent sickle-like toward tip. Epigyne with narrow scapus (1/2 width of epigyne at most), tapering and reaching far beyond epigyne. Epigyne deeply incised on both sides of scapus and with strongly sclerotised tails. Prosoma light brown to brown, male: almost always with dark marginal band. Opisthosoma dorsally with 0-4 pairs of black lateral spots, ventrally almost unexceptionally without distinct spots within (not always) dark median field.

Body length male: 4.5-5.5 mm
Body length female: 6-8 mm
Additional information

Mainly in the mountains. Biology mostly unknown

Frequency: rarely found in Central Europe

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2021): North America, Europe, Russia (Europe to Far East), Turkey, Kazakhstan
 male  female
Distribution List
Albania   (no references) ||| Austria   (no references) ||| Belarus   (Ivanov, 2013) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Estonia   (no references) ||| Finland   (Koponen et al., 2016) ||| France   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Italy   (Ballini et al., 2017) ||| Latvia   (Cera, 2018) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Norway   (Farlund, 2019) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Russia, Central   (no references) ||| Russia, Eastern   (no references) ||| Russia, Northern   (no references) ||| Russia, Western   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Sweden   (Kronestedt, 2001) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (no references) ||| Ukraine   (Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019) |||

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Azheganova N S (1968) Kratkii opredelitel' paukov (Aranei) lesnoi i lesostepnoi zony SSSR. Akademia Nauk SSSR, 149pp. pdf

Ballini S, Stauder F, Steinberger K-H (2017) Webspinnen und Weberknechte (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones). In: Schatz H & Wilhalm T: Tag der Artenvielfalt 2016 in Matsch (Gemeinde Mals, Südtirol, Italien). Gredleriana 17: 278-280 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Farlund M (2019) Norwegian Spiders - Norske edderkopper. Siste oppdatering for funn av nye arter 10. oktober, 2019. Online at pdf

Fjellberg A (unpubl.)

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Ivanov V V (2013) The checklist of Belarusian spiders (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoology and Ecology 4: 293-311 pdf

Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at pdf

Kronestedt T (2001) Checklist of Spiders (Araneae) in Sweden [Preliminary version February 2001] pdf

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1998) Spinnengids. Tirion, Baarn, Netherlands, 397 pp. pdf

Sacher P (1984) Bemerkungen zum Material der Gattung Araniella Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum Wien (Arachnida, Araneidae). Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie B 86: 243-249 pdf

Sacher P (1990) Untersuchungen über Zahl, Anordnung und taxonomischen Wert der dorso-lateralen Abdominalpunkte in der Gattung Araniella (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Fennica 190: 345-349 pdf

Uyar Z, Bosmans R, Uğurtaş, I H (2014) New faunistic data for the family Araneidae (Araneae) in West Anatolia (Turkey). Entomological News 124: 120-130 pdf

Vidal E (2014) Découverte en France d’Araniella proxima (Kulczyński, 1885) (Araneae, Araneidae). Revue Arachnologique (2) 1: 13-14 pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (03.01.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Zamani A, Marusik Y M, Šestáková A (2020a) On Araniella and Neoscona (Araneae, Araneidae) of the Caucasus, Middle East and Central Asia. ZooKeys 906: 13-40 pdf

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