Araneidae  Clerck, 1757 / Araniella  Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942   6 species

Araniella proxima  (Kulczyński, 1885)


Male palp with long median apophysis, uniformly bent sickle-like toward tip. Epigyne with narrow scapus (1/2 width of epigyne at most), tapering and reaching far beyond epigyne. Epigyne deeply incised on both sides of scapus and with strongly sclerotised tails. Prosoma light brown to brown, male: almost always with dark marginal band. Opisthosoma dorsally with 0-4 pairs of black lateral spots, ventrally almost unexceptionally without distinct spots within (not always) dark median field.

Body length male: 4.5-5.5 mm
Body length female: 6.0-8.0 mm
Additional information

Mainly in the mountains. Biology mostly unknown

Frequency: rarely found in Central Europe

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2023): North America, Europe, Russia (Europe to Far East), Turkey, Kazakhstan
 male  female
Distribution List

"No references" does not mean that the species does not occur in this country, but that we have not yet inserted the reference for it. We are working on it.

Albania   (Sacher, 1990; Blick, 2018) ||| Austria   (no references) ||| Belarus   (Ivanov, 2013) ||| Belgium   (Bosmans & Van Keer, 2017) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Estonia   (Vilbaste, 1987) ||| Finland   (Koponen et al., 2016) ||| France   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Italy   (Ballini et al., 2017) ||| Latvia   (Cera, 2018) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Norway   (Farlund, 2019) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Russia, Central   (no references) ||| Russia, Eastern   (no references) ||| Russia, Northern   (no references) ||| Russia, Western   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Sweden   (Kronestedt, 2001) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (no references) ||| Ukraine   (Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019) |||

Almquist S (2005) Swedish Araneae, part 1 – families Atypidae to Hahniidae (Linyphiidae excluded). Insect Systematics & Evolution, Supplement 62: 1-124 pdf

Azheganova N S (1968) Kratkii opredelitel' paukov (Aranei) lesnoi i lesostepnoi zony SSSR. Akademia Nauk SSSR, 149pp. pdf

Ballini S, Stauder F, Steinberger K-H (2017) Webspinnen und Weberknechte (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones). In: Schatz H & Wilhalm T (Eds): Tag der Artenvielfalt 2016 in Matsch (Gemeinde Mals, Südtirol, Italien). Gredleriana 17: 278-280 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Blick T (2018) A small collection of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) from the River Vjosa, Albania – with an updated spider checklist of Albania. Acta ZooBot Austria 155: 213-232 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer K (2017) Een herziene soortenlijst van de Belgische spinnen (Araneae). Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 32: 39-69 pdf

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Farlund M (2019) Norwegian Spiders - Norske edderkopper. Siste oppdatering for funn av nye arter 10. oktober, 2019. Online at pdf

Fjellberg A (unpubl.)

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Ivanov V V (2013) The checklist of Belarusian spiders (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoology and Ecology 4: 293-311 pdf

Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at pdf

Kronestedt T (2001) Checklist of Spiders (Araneae) in Sweden [Preliminary version February 2001] pdf

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1998) Spinnengids. Tirion, Baarn, Netherlands, 397 pp. pdf

Sacher P (1984) Bemerkungen zum Material der Gattung Araniella Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum Wien (Arachnida, Araneidae). Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie B 86: 243-249 pdf

Sacher P (1990) Untersuchungen über Zahl, Anordnung und taxonomischen Wert der dorso-lateralen Abdominalpunkte in der Gattung Araniella (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Fennica 190: 345-349 pdf

Uyar Z, Bosmans R, Uğurtaş, I H (2014) New faunistic data for the family Araneidae (Araneae) in West Anatolia (Turkey). Entomological News 124: 120-130 pdf

Vidal E (2014) Découverte en France d’Araniella proxima (Kulczyński, 1885) (Araneae, Araneidae). Revue Arachnologique (2) 1: 13-14 pdf

Vilbaste A (1987) Eesti Ämblikud (Aranei). Annoteeritud nimestik. Estonian spiders (Aranei). An annotated check list. Valgus, Tallinn. 113 pp. & 512 maps on 67 unpag. pages pdf

WSC (2023) World Spider Catalog. Version 24. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (14.02.2023) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Zamani A, Marusik Y M, Šestáková A (2020a) On Araniella and Neoscona (Araneae, Araneidae) of the Caucasus, Middle East and Central Asia. ZooKeys 906: 13-40 pdf

30-05-2023 Distribution update Detail
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13-10-2014 Distribution update Detail
20-05-2014 Distribution update Detail
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26-02-2014 Distribution update Detail