Thomisidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Psammitis  Menge, 1876   9 species

Psammitis sabulosus  (Hahn, 1832)

Description

Male palp with completely flat tegulum. Cymbium asymmetrically widened middle part of retrolateral side. Tibial apophysis bipartite, ventral apophysis slender, hook-like bent. Retrolateral apophysis massive, broad and short. Embolus short, surface scaled, terminal part slightly bent retrolaterally. Epigyne without epigynal groove. Posterior edge sclerotised and semicircularly bent. Vulva consists of 2 longish oval, slightly transverse, sac-like structures. Prosoma densely provided with short spines, white-pink, dorsally with dark lateral bands. Eye-field partly white, dark brown moon-shaped structures including a bright field. Sternum cream to white, partly yellow-brown on margin. Chelicerae white, sometimes only proximally white, spined frontally. Legs white-pink, spotted, legs I-II with vague stripes. Opisthosoma densely provided with short spines, combination of white, grey, olive-brown and sand-brown parts, with black, small spots with white margin in posterior part and/or on margin. Medially with broken, black transverse band or white-grey longitudinal band, partly with oak-leaf pattern.

Body length male: 3.7-6 mm
Body length female: 4.7-9 mm
Additional information

In dry and sunny habitats like dunes, riverbanks and heathland

Frequency: Not frequent

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe, North Africa, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Middle Siberia), Afghanistan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Braendegaard J (1972a) Edderkopper eller spindlere I. Danmarks Fauna 72

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Jantscher E (2001a) Revision der Krabbenspinnengattung Xysticus C.L. Koch, 1835 (Araneae, Thomisidae) in Zentraleuropa. Dissertation: 1-328 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

Thaler K (1981c) Bemerkenswerte Spinnenfunde in Nordtirol (Österreich) (Arachnida: Aranei). Veröff Mus Ferdinandeum 61: 105-150

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
06-02-2019 Distribution update Old value
13-03-2018 Image insert
07-03-2016 Image insert
10-12-2013 Distribution update Old value