Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Urozelotes  Mello-Leitao, 1938   3 species

Urozelotes rusticus  (L. Koch, 1872)

Description

Tibial apophysis distally bent and with robust tip. Prosoma red-brown. Legs lighter than prosoma. Opisthosoma red-brown, with dark brown scuticula.

Body length male: 7-8 mm
Body length female: 7.8-10.2 mm
Additional information

Biology mostly unknown, most records in buildings

This species of Asian origin is not native to Europe (alien species). It had been introduced to Europe at least once and did establish.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Both Americas, Africa, Europe, Asia, Australia. Native area unknown, probably Old World.
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Braendegaard J (1966) Edderkopper: Eller Spindlere I Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224

Crespo L, Cardoso P, Silva I, Menezes D (2009a) Spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) from the Selvagens Islands (Portugal): additions to the current knowledge. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomologica Aragonesa 45: 343-348

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Jézéquel J F (1962b) Contribution à l'étude des Zelotes femelles (Araneida, Labidognatha, Drassodidae "Gnaphosidae") de la faune française (2e note). Bull Mus Natl Hist Nat 33: 594-610

Kaltsas D, Panayiotou E, Chatzaki M, Mylonas M (2014) Ground spider assemblages (Araneae: Gnaphosidae) along an urban-rural gradient in the city of Heraklion, Greece. Eur J Entomol 111: 59-67

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Otto S (2019) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 10.2019. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Pantini P, Sassu A, Serra G (2013) Catalogue of the spiders (Arachnida Araneae) of Sardinia. Biodiversity Journal 4: 3-104 pdf

Platnick N I, Murphy J A (1984) A revision of the spider genera Trachyzelotes and Urozelotes (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). American Museum Novitates 2792: 1-30

Polchaninova N Y, Prokopenko E V (2013) Catalogue of the spiders (Arachnida, Aranei) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arthropoda Selecta (Suppl.) 2: 1-268 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Wilson R (2012) An American jumper in Leeds, west Yorkshire and an update on non-native taxa recorded in the UK. Newsl Br arachnol Soc 123: 10-15 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
09-10-2015 Distribution update Old value
25-04-2015 Distribution update Old value
25-06-2013 Distribution update Old value