Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Urozelotes  Mello-Leitao, 1938   3 species

Urozelotes rusticus  (L. Koch, 1872)

Description

Tibial apophysis distally bent and with robust tip. Prosoma red-brown. Legs lighter than prosoma. Opisthosoma red-brown, with dark brown scuticula.

Body length male: 7-8 mm
Body length female: 7.8-10.2 mm
Additional information

Biology mostly unknown, most records in buildings

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Probably native to Europe/Mediterranean to temperate Asia. Introduced to both Americas, tropical Africa, Australia
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Algeria   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Austria   (no references) ||| Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2020) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| Denmark   (no references) ||| Egypt   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Georgia   (Otto, 2020) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Greece / Crete   (Kaltsas et al., 2014) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sicily   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Libya   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Morocco   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Central   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2020) ||| Russia, Western   (no references) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Ukraine   (Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019) ||| United Kingdom   (Wilson, 2012) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Brændegaard J (1966) Edderkopper: Eller Spindlere I Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224 pdf

Crespo L, Cardoso P, Silva I, Menezes D (2009a) Spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) from the Selvagens Islands (Portugal): additions to the current knowledge. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomologica Aragonesa 45: 343-348 pdf

Jézéquel J F (1962b) Contribution à l'étude des Zelotes femelles (Araneida, Labidognatha, Drassodidae "Gnaphosidae") de la faune française (2e note). Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris 33: 594-610 pdf

Kaltsas D, Panayiotou E, Chatzaki M, Mylonas M (2014) Ground spider assemblages (Araneae: Gnaphosidae) along an urban-rural gradient in the city of Heraklion, Greece. European Journal of Entomology 111: 59-67 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British spiders. Vol. I. Ray Society, London, 310 pp. pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Platnick N I, Murphy J A (1984) A revision of the spider genera Trachyzelotes and Urozelotes (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). American Museum Novitates 2792: 1-30 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. pdf

Wilson R (2012) An American jumper in Leeds, west Yorkshire and an update on non-native taxa recorded in the UK. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 123: 10-15 pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 22.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (22.09.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
09-10-2015 Distribution update Detail
25-04-2015 Distribution update Detail
25-06-2013 Distribution update Detail