Lycosidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Trochosa  C. L. Koch, 1847   14 species

Trochosa ruricola  (De Geer, 1778)

Beschreibung

Embolus mit gebogener Spitze. Epigyne mit getrennten chitinisierten Bögen am Vorderrand der Epigynengrube. Prosoma mit hellem, gelblichem Mittelband und dunklen lateralen Bändern, in vorderer Hälfte des hellen Mittelbandes 2 dunkle, länglich-ovale Streifen. Cheliceren Männchen: Klaue auf Oberseite meist mit Höcker. Femur schwach geringelt. Tibia nie mit weissen Haaren oder Haarflecken. Metatarsus und Tarsus mit sehr kurzen, gleichlangen Haaren. Opisthosoma oliv-braun, Herzfleck hellgelb.

Körperlänge Männchen: 7-9.5 mm
Körperlänge Weibchen: 8-14 mm
Zusätzliche Informationen

in unbeschatteten Lebensräumen mittlerer Feuchtigkeit, nachtaktiv

Verbreitung
  Vorkommen
  kein Nachweis
Weltweite Verbreitung (WSC 2020): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia, China, Japan, Korea. Introduced to North America, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Bermuda
Phänologie
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
ca. 2 Jahre alt und ganzjährig adult
Abbildungen
Verbreitungsnachweise
Albania   ( Deltshev et al., 2011b; ) ||| Austria   ( no references ) ||| Azerbaijan   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Belarus   ( Ivanov, 2013; ) ||| Belgium   ( no references ) ||| Bulgaria   ( Blagoev et al., 2018; ) ||| Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Czechia   ( no references ) ||| Denmark   ( no references ) ||| Estonia   ( no references ) ||| Finland   ( Koponen et al., 2016; ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| France / Corsica   ( no references ) ||| Georgia   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Germany   ( no references ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Hungary   ( no references ) ||| Ireland   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Italy / Sardinia   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Italy / Sicily   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Kosovo   ( no references ) ||| Latvia   ( Cera, 2018; ) ||| Liechtenstein   ( no references ) ||| Lithuania   ( no references ) ||| Luxembourg   ( Kreuels et al., 2019; ) ||| Moldova   ( no references ) ||| Montenegro   ( no references ) ||| Netherlands   ( no references ) ||| North Macedonia   ( no references ) ||| Northern Ireland   ( no references ) ||| Norway   ( no references ) ||| Poland   ( no references ) ||| Portugal   ( no references ) ||| Romania   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Central   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Eastern   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Kaliningrad Region   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Northern   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Southern   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Russia, Western   ( no references ) ||| Serbia   ( no references ) ||| Slovakia   ( no references ) ||| Slovenia   ( Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015; ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Spain / Balearic Islands   ( no references ) ||| Sweden   ( no references ) ||| Switzerland   ( no references ) ||| Turkey (Asia)   ( Danışman et al., 2019; ) ||| Ukraine   ( Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019; ) ||| United Kingdom   ( no references ) |||
Literatur

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144

Fuhn I E, Niculescu-Burlacu F (1971) Fam. Lycosidae. Fauna Republicii Socialiste România (Arachnida) 5 (3): 1-253 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Ivanov V V (2013) The checklist of Belarusian spiders (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoology and Ecology 4: 293-311 pdf

Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at http://biolcoll.utu.fi/arach/checklist_of_spiders_in_Finland.htm

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kreuels M, Staudt A, Christian S (2019) Die Spinnenfauna von Luxemburg – eine Zusammenstellung der Nachweise aus den Jahren 1906-2018 (Arachnida: Araneae). Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois 121: 203-230 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1972) Pokok II-Araneae II. Fauna Hungariae 109: 3.1-3.112

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Otto S, Japoshvili G (2018) The spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of the Lagodekhi Reserve, Georgia: faunistic results of a transect study and an updated checklist. Arachnology 17: 375-391 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Roberts M J (1998) Spinnengids. Tirion Natuur Baarn, Netherlands

Thaler K, Noflatscher M-T (1990) Neue und bemerkenswerte Spinnenfunde in Südtirol (Arachnida: Aranei). Veröff Mus Ferdinandeum 69: 169-190

Wiebes J T (1959) The Lycosidae and Pisauridae (Araneae) of the Netherlands. Zool Verh 42: 1-78

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

Zyuzin A A (1985) Generic and subfamilial criteria in the systematics of the spider family Lycosidae (Aranei), with the description of a new genus and two new subfamilies. Trudy zool Inst Leningr 139: 40-51

Updates
29-10-2019 Image insert
24-07-2018 Image insert
27-12-2016 Image insert
14-01-2014 Image insert
04-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
16-10-2013 Distribution update Detail
15-04-2013 Distribution update Detail