Liocranidae  Simon, 1897 / Liocranum  L. Koch, 1866   9 species

Liocranum rupicola  (Walckenaer, 1830)

Description

Tibial apophysis small, slightly bent. Embolus short. Epigyne as long as wide. Prosoma brownish, with dark radial pattern, lateral bands dark greyish brown, margin black. Sternum light yellowish brown. Legs darker distally. Opisthosoma grey with bright pattern.

Body length male: 4.9-6.5 mm
Body length female: 5.5-8.5 mm
Additional information

On trees under bark, in dry areas (steppes, cliffs) under stones and in buildings

Frequency: Widely distributed

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Europe, Turkey, Armenia, Russia (Europe to West Siberia)
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   (Naumova et al., 2016b) ||| Armenia   (Zarikian & Kalashian, 2021) ||| Austria   (no references) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Bosnia and Herzegovina   (Komnenov, 2010) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| Denmark   (no references) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (Komnenov et al., 2016) ||| Hungary   (Samu & Szinetár, 1999) ||| Ireland   (Cawley, 2001) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Liechtenstein   (no references) ||| Montenegro   (no references) ||| Netherlands   (no references) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Norway   (Aakra & Hauge, 2003) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Central   (no references) ||| Serbia   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Sweden   (Kronestedt, 2001) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2021a) ||| Ukraine   (Mikhailov, 2013) ||| United Kingdom   (no references) |||
References

Aakra K, Hauge E (2003) Checklist of Norwegian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae), including Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 50: 109-129 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). [N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Brignoli P M, Gaddini A (1979) Nuovi dati su alcuni Anyphaenidae, Liocranidae e Gnaphosidae italiani. Bollettino dell'Associazione Romana di Entomologia 34: 10-15 pdf

Brændegaard J (1966) Edderkopper: Eller Spindlere I Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224 pdf

Cawley M (2001) Distribution records for uncommon spiders (Araneae) including five species new to Ireland. Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society 25: 135-143 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2021a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2021 [last updated 1 January 2021], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Grimm U (1986) Die Clubionidae Mitteleuropas: Corinninae und Liocranidae (Arachnida, Araneae). Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (NF) 27: 1-91 pdf

Komnenov M (2010) Checklist of spiders (Araneae) of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Uzizaž i Biospeld 5(2009): 52-69 pdf

Komnenov M, Pitta E, Zografou K, Chatzaki M (2016) Discovering the still unexplored arachnofauna of the National Park of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli, NE Greece: a taxonomic review with description of new species. Zootaxa 4096: 1-66 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kronestedt T (2001) Checklist of Spiders (Araneae) in Sweden [Preliminary version February 2001] pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British spiders. Vol. I. Ray Society, London, 310 pp. pdf

Mikhailov K G (2013) The spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Russia and adjacent countries: a non-annotated checklist. Arthropoda Selecta, Supplement 3: 1-262 pdf

Miller F (unpubl.) [provided by P. Dolejš]

Naumova M, Hristovski S, Hristov G H (2016b) Spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) from Prespa National Park, Albania. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 68: 503-511 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Reimoser E (1937) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VIII. 16: Familie Gnaphosidae oder Plattbauchspinnen; 17: Familie Anyphaenidae oder Zartspinnen; 18: Familie Clubionidae oder Röhrenspinnen. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 33: 1-99 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. pdf

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

Sterghiu C (1985) Fam. Clubionidae. Fauna Republicii Socialiste România (Arachnida) 5 (4): 1-168 pdf

Tullgren A (1946) Svensk spindelfauna. 3. Egentiliga spinddlar. Araneae Fam 5-7. Clubionidae, Zoridae och Gnaphosidae. Stockholm (Entomol Fören.): 141 pp. pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (03.01.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Zarikian N A, Kalashian M Y (2021) An annotated checklist of spiders deposited in the Arachnida collection of the Institute of Zoology, Scientific Center of Zoology and Hydroecology of the NAS RA, Yerevan, Armenia. Part I. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 61: 11-19 pdf

Updates
01-03-2021 Distribution insert Detail
03-02-2021 Image insert
01-02-2021 Distribution update Detail
01-02-2021 Image insert
19-07-2020 Distribution update Detail
08-06-2020 Distribution update Detail
11-05-2018 Distribution update Detail
18-04-2016 Distribution update Detail