Liocranidae  Simon, 1897 / Liocranum  L. Koch, 1866   9 species

Liocranum rupicola  (Walckenaer, 1830)

Description

Tibial apophysis small, slightly bent. Embolus short. Epigyne as long as wide. Prosoma brownish, with dark radial pattern, lateral bands dark greyish brown, margin black. Sternum light yellowish brown. Legs darker distally. Opisthosoma grey with bright pattern.

Body length male: 4.9-6.5 mm
Body length female: 5.5-8.5 mm
Additional information

On trees under bark, in dry areas (steppes, cliffs) under stones and in buildings

Frequency: Widely distributed

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Europe, Russia
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Braendegaard J (1966) Edderkopper: Eller Spindlere I Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224

Brignoli P M, Gaddini A (1979) Nuovi dati su alcuni Anyphaenidae, Liocranidae e Gnaphosidae italiani. Boll Ass romana Ent 34: 10-15

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2018a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017 [last updated 2 September 2018], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Komnenov M, Pitta E, Zografou K, Chatzaki M (2016) Discovering the still unexplored arachnofauna of the National Park of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli, NE Greece: a taxonomic review with description of new species. Zootaxa 4096(1): 1-66

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Naumova M, Hristovski S, Hristov G H (2016b) Spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) from Prespa National Park, Albania. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 68: 503-511

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Reimoser E (1937) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VIII. 16: Familie Gnaphosidae oder Plattbauchspinnen; 17: Familie Anyphaenidae oder Zartspinnen; 18: Familie Clubionidae oder Röhrenspinnen. Tierwelt Deutschlands 33

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Sterghiu C (1985) Fam. Clubionidae. In Fauna Republicii Socialiste România: Arachnida Academia Republicii Socialiste Bucharest

Tullgren A (1946) Svensk spindelfauna. 3. Egentiliga spinddlar. Araneae Fam 5-7. Clubionidae, Zoridae och Gnaphosidae. pl. I - XXI Stockholm (Entomol Fören): 1-141

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog, version 19.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (15.07.2018) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
11-05-2018 Distribution update Old value
18-04-2016 Distribution update Old value