Uloboridae  Thorell, 1869 / Uloborus  Latreille, 1806   3 species

Uloborus plumipes  Lucas, 1846

Description

Prosoma densely haired, without pronounced longitudinal stripes. Legs brown haired, annulated with white-bluish. Tibia I female: with strikingly long, black plumose hairs. Opisthosoma light brown with darker median line, densely haired, dorsally with 2 humps in anterior part, 2 white spots between them.

Body length male: 3-4 mm
Body length female: 4-6 mm
Additional information

In tropics and subtropics in the Old World, in Mediterranean area in Italy and France in the open land, in Great Britain, Central and North Europe imported to greenhouses in many cases. They were thought to develop parthenogenetically in greenhouses, as it seems that only females occur, but this must be doubted because of the cryptic living of males.

Oxford (2011) showed convincingly that Uloborus plumipes is not parthenogenetic in urban populations in Europe (and probably nowhere else).

Since a few decades, this species shows some spreading tendencies within Europe. Nevertheless, it shall not be listed as alien or invasive because it is native for Europe.

Frequency: Widely distributed

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Europe, Africa, Yemen, Iran, Pakistan, Philippines. Introduced to Argentina, Japan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Algeria   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) ||| Austria   ( no references ) ||| Azerbaijan   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Belgium   ( no references ) ||| Bulgaria   ( Blagoev et al., 2018; ) ||| Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Cyprus   ( Bosmans et al., 2019c; ) ||| Czechia   ( no references ) ||| Denmark   ( no references ) ||| Egypt   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) ||| Faroe Islands   ( Lissner et al., 2016b; ) ||| Finland   ( Koponen et al., 2016; ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| France / Corsica   ( no references ) ||| Georgia   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Germany   ( no references ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Greece / Crete   ( Bosmans et al., 2013; ) ||| Hungary   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Italy / Sardinia   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Italy / Sicily   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Luxembourg   ( Kreuels et al., 2019; ) ||| Malta   ( Pfliegler et al., 2017; ) ||| Netherlands   ( no references ) ||| Norway   ( no references ) ||| Poland   ( no references ) ||| Portugal   ( no references ) ||| Romania   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Central   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Eastern   ( no references ) ||| Slovakia   ( no references ) ||| Slovenia   ( Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015; ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Sweden   ( Jonsson, 1998; ) ||| Switzerland   ( no references ) ||| Turkey (Asia)   ( Danışman et al., 2019; ) ||| Turkey (Europe)   ( Danışman et al., 2019; ) ||| Ukraine   ( Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019; ) ||| United Kingdom   ( no references ) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Brignoli P M (1979f) Contribution à la connaissance des Uloboridae paléarctiques (Araneae). Revue Arachnologique 2: 275-282 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Horak P, Kropf C (1999) Landeskundlich bedeutsame Spinnenfunde in der Steiermark (Arachnida: Aranea). Mitt Naturwiss Ver Steiermark 129: 253-268

Jonsson L J (1998) Toftspindeln – en spindelart som invaderat Europas växthus [The feather-Iegged spider, Uloborus plumipes – invading European greenhouses]. Fauna och Flora 93: 119-124 pdf

Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at http://biolcoll.utu.fi/arach/checklist_of_spiders_in_Finland.htm

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kreuels M, Staudt A, Christian S (2019) Die Spinnenfauna von Luxemburg – eine Zusammenstellung der Nachweise aus den Jahren 1906-2018 (Arachnida: Araneae). Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois 121: 203-230 pdf

Lissner J, Jensen J-K, Hansen L J, Simonsen W, Kelduni R, Nissen K (2016b) An updated checklist of spiders (Araneae) of the Faroe Islands. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 63: 197-240 pdf

Meng (unpupl.)

Moscaliuc L A (2013) Contributions to the knowledge of Romanian spider fauna. Steps towards an updated checklist. Travaux du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle “Grigore Antipa” 56: 135-142 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Oxford G (2011) Death of an urban myth - parthenogenesis in Uloborus plumipes. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 121: 6-8 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Polchaninova N Y, Prokopenko E V (2013) Catalogue of the spiders (Arachnida, Aranei) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arthropoda Selecta (Suppl.) 2: 1-268 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1998) Spinnengids. Tirion Natuur Baarn, Netherlands

Suvák M (2013) Invasive spider Uloborus plumipes Lucas, 1846 (Araneae: Uloboridae), new to Slovakia. Folia Faunistica Slovaca 18: 39-45

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
21-05-2020 Distribution update Detail
06-05-2020 Distribution insert Detail
18-05-2018 Distribution update Detail
18-05-2018 Datasheet update Detail
26-10-2015 Distribution update Detail
24-04-2015 Distribution update Detail
15-10-2013 Distribution update Detail