Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Nesticodes  Archer, 1950   1 species

Nesticodes rufipes  (Lucas, 1846)

Description

Embolus straight, with a large basal outgrowth and a tooth-shaped structure more distally. Prosoma and legs unicoloured reddish brown. Opisthosoma unicoloured reddish brown.

Body length male: 3-4 mm
Body length female: 4-6 mm
Additional information

Pantropically distributed, in Central Europe only in warm greenhouses

This species of South American origin is not native to Europe (alien species). It had been introduced to Europe at least once and did establish.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Central and South America. Introduced to Europe, Macaronesia, North Africa, Middle East, China, Japan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, New Zealand, Pacific Is.
Figures
Distribution List
Algeria   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| Egypt   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Malta   (Pfliegler et al., 2017) ||| Morocco   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Tunisia   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| United Kingdom   (no references) |||
References

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). [N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Chrysanthus P (1963) Spiders from south New Guinea V. Nova Guinea, Zoology 24: 727-750 pdf

Gabriel G (2010) Nesticodes rufipes – Erstnachweis einer pantropischen Kugelspinne in Deutschland (Araneae: Theridiidae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 39: 39-41 pdf

Hänggi A, Stäubli A (2012) Nachträge zum „Katalog der schweizerischen Spinnen“: 4. Neunachweise von 2002 bis 2011. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 44: 59-76 pdf

Levy G (1998b) Araneae: Theridiidae. In Fauna Palaestina, Arachnida III. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem. , 228 pp. pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Wilson R (2012) An American jumper in Leeds, west Yorkshire and an update on non-native taxa recorded in the UK. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 123: 10-15 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Wunderlich J (2008a) On extant and fossil (Eocene) European comb-footed spiders (Araneae: Theridiidae), with notes on their subfamilies, and with descriptions of new taxa. Beiträge zur Araneologie 5: 140-469 pdf

Updates
22-06-2016 Distribution update Detail
10-06-2014 Image insert
10-12-2013 Distribution update Detail