Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Nesticodes  Archer, 1950   1 species

Nesticodes rufipes  (Lucas, 1846)


Embolus straight, with a large basal outgrowth and a tooth-shaped structure more distally. Prosoma and legs unicoloured reddish brown. Opisthosoma unicoloured reddish brown.

Body length male: 3-4 mm
Body length female: 4-6 mm
Additional information

Pantropically distributed, in Central Europe only in warm greenhouses

This species of South American origin is not native to Europe (alien species). It had been introduced to Europe at least once and did establish.

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Central and South America. Introduced to Europe, Macaronesia, North Africa, Middle East, China, Japan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, New Zealand, Pacific Is.

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

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Gabriel G (2010) Nesticodes rufipes – Erstnachweis einer pantropischen Kugelspinne in Deutschland (Araneae: Theridiidae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 39: 39-41

Hänggi A, Stäubli A (2012) Nachträge zum „Katalog der schweizerischen Spinnen“: 4. Neunachweise von 2002 bis 2011. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 44: 59-76

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at

Levy G (1998b) Araneae: Theridiidae. In Fauna Palaestina, Arachnida III. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem. , 228 pp. pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Wilson R (2012) An American jumper in Leeds, west Yorkshire and an update on non-native taxa recorded in the UK. Newsl Br arachnol Soc 123: 10-15 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Wunderlich J (2008a) On extant and fossil (Eocene) European comb-footed spiders (Araneae: Theridiidae), with notes on their subfamilies, and with descriptions of new taxa. Beitr Araneol 5: 140-469

22-06-2016 Distribution update Old value
10-06-2014 Image insert
10-12-2013 Distribution update Old value