Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Nesticodes  Archer, 1950   1 species

Nesticodes rufipes  (Lucas, 1846)

Description

Embolus straight, with a large basal outgrowth and a tooth-shaped structure more distally. Prosoma and legs unicoloured reddish brown. Opisthosoma unicoloured reddish brown.

Body length male: 3-4 mm
Body length female: 4-6 mm
Additional information

Pantropically distributed, in Central Europe only in warm greenhouses

This species of South American origin is not native to Europe (alien species). It had been introduced to Europe at least once and did establish.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Central and South America. Introduced to Europe, Macaronesia, North Africa, Middle East, China, Japan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, New Zealand, Pacific Is.
Figures
References

Chrysanthus P (1963) Spiders from south New Guinea V. Nova Guinea, Zoology 24: 727-750

Gabriel G (2010) Nesticodes rufipes – Erstnachweis einer pantropischen Kugelspinne in Deutschland (Araneae: Theridiidae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 39: 39-41

Hänggi A, Stäubli A (2012) Nachträge zum „Katalog der schweizerischen Spinnen“: 4. Neunachweise von 2002 bis 2011. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 44: 59-76

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Levy G (1998c) Araneae: Theridiidae. In Fauna Palaestina, Arachnida III. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Wilson R (2012) An American jumper in Leeds, west Yorkshire and an update on non-native taxa recorded in the UK. Newsl Br arachnol Soc 123: 10-15 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Wunderlich J (2008a) On extant and fossil (Eocene) European comb-footed spiders (Araneae: Theridiidae), with notes on their subfamilies, and with descriptions of new taxa. Beitr Araneol 5: 140-469

Updates
22-06-2016 Distribution update Old value
10-06-2014 Image insert
10-12-2013 Distribution update Old value