Atypidae  Thorell, 1870 / Atypus  Latreille, 1804   3 species

Atypus piceus  (Sulzer, 1776)

Description

Palp male: femur with longitudinal ridge in a depression. Vulva with 5-11 receptacula seminis, in various sizes. Prosoma female: dark brown, male: dark brown or red-brown to black. Sternum with dark median field, first pair of sigilla ± one diameter apart from margin of sternum. Metatarsus IV male: dorsally with 2 or more spines. Tarsus male: lighter. Opisthosoma female: grey-brown, male: mostly darker than prosoma. Posterior spinnerets only appearing 4 segmented, segment border is pretended by pigment-less part in dorsal view, distinctly 3 segments in ventral view.

Body length male: 9 mm
Body length female: 10-15 mm
Additional information

In dry meadows and slopes with scarce vegetation, up to 1200 m. Silken tube for capturing prey above ground 7-9 cm long, retreat tube in soil, 20-25 cm deep, diameter 12-15 mm, builds colonies, 70-160 hatchlings per female per year.

This species can bite humans. Pain has been described as a light burning sensation with some associated local redness, disappearing soon.

Frequency: Rarely found

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Europe (France to Russia), Iran
females: up to 8 years old, males: June-August
Figures
Distribution List
Austria   (no references) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| France   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Hungary   (Samu & Szinetár, 1999) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Kosovo   (no references) ||| Liechtenstein   (no references) ||| Luxembourg   (Hermann, 1998; Kreuels et al., 2019) ||| Moldova   (no references) ||| Montenegro   (no references) ||| Netherlands   (no references) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Central   (no references) ||| Serbia   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Ukraine   (Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019) |||
References

Bali L, Andrési D, Szinetár C, Tuba K (2020) Betekintés a Bejcgyertyánosi farkas-erdő talajközeli pókfaunájába [Observation of the epigeic spider fauna of the Bejcgyertyános wolf forest]. Biológia Savaria Természettudományi és Sporttudományi Közlemények 18: 59-74 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Emerit M (1984) Les glandes tibiales des Telemidae: une structure inédite localisée sur l'appendice locomoteur des araignées. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences Paris (3) 299: 1-4 pdf

Hermann E (1998) Die Spinnen (Araneae) ausgewählter Halbtrockenrasen im Osten Luxemburgs. Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes Luxembourgeois 99: 189-199 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kraus O, Baur H (1974) Die Atypidae der West-Paläarktis. Systematik, Verbreitung und Biologie (Arach.: Araneae). Abhandlungen und Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (NF) 17: 85-116 pdf

Kreuels M, Staudt A, Christian S (2019) Die Spinnenfauna von Luxemburg – eine Zusammenstellung der Nachweise aus den Jahren 1906-2018 (Arachnida: Araneae). Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois 121: 203-230 pdf

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 1-133 pdf

Miller F (1947) Pavoucí zvírena hadcových stepí u Mohelna. Archiv Svazu na Výzkum a Ochranu Přírody i Krajiny v Zemi Moravskoslezské 7: 1-107 pdf

Nentwig W, Gnädinger M, Fuchs J, Ceschi A (2013) A two year study of verified spider bites in Switzerland and a review of the European spider bite literature. Toxicon 73: 104-110 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

Schwendinger P J (1990) A synopsis of the genus Atypus (Araneae, Atypidae). Zoologica Scripta 19: 353-366 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
21-06-2020 Image insert
15-03-2020 Distribution insert Detail
26-11-2013 Datasheet update Detail