Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Phoroncidia  Westwood, 1835   4 species

Phoroncidia paradoxa  (Lucas, 1846)

Beschreibung
Männchen

Prosoma gelbbraun, 0.6 mm lang. Sternum gelbbraun. Opisthosoma gelbbraun, unten fast weiss.

Körperlänge Männchen: 1.3-1.5 mm
Weibchen

Prosoma rot-braun, mit dünnem, schwarzem Rand oder einheitlich schwarz. Prosoma 0.8 mm lang. Augen: VMA gleich gross wie HMA. Beine braun, geringelt.

Körperlänge Weibchen: 2.0 mm
Zusätzliche Informationen

In Steineichenwäldern, in der Garrigue, in Heidelandschaften und in Strauchschicht.

Verbreitung
  Vorkommen
  kein Nachweis
Weltweite Verbreitung (WSC 2020): Southern Europe, North Africa, Turkey
Phänologie
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Abbildungen
Verbreitungsnachweise
Algeria   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (no references) |||
Literatur

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Bosselaers J (unpubl.)

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae).
[N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Hänggi A, Stäubli A, Heer X, Trivellone V, Pollini Paltrinieri L, Moretti M (2014) Eleven new spider species (Arachnida: Araneae) for Switzerland discovered in vineyards in Ticino - What are possible reasons? Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 87: 215-228 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kunt K B, Kaya R S, Özkütük R S, Danişman T, Yağmur E A, Elverici M (2012) Additional notes on the spider fauna of Turkey (Araneae). Turkish Journal of Zoology 36: 637-651 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Otto S, Japoshvili G (2018) The spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of the Lagodekhi Reserve, Georgia: faunistic results of a transect study and an updated checklist. Arachnology 17: 375-391 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Thaler K, Noflatscher M-T (1990) Neue und bemerkenswerte Spinnenfunde in Südtirol (Arachnida: Aranei). Veröffentlichungen des Museum Ferdinandeum in Innsbruck 69: 169-190 pdf

Vanuytven H (1991) A redescription of Phoroncidia paradoxa (Lucas, 1846) (Araneae: Theridiidae). Phegea 19: 103-105

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
24-07-2018 Image insert
29-12-2017 Image insert
05-01-2015 Distribution update Detail
05-07-2013 Distribution update Detail