Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Heterotheridion  Wunderlich, 2008   1 species

Heterotheridion nigrovariegatum  (Simon, 1873)

Beschreibung

Pedipalpus Männchen: mit langer, geschwungener Tibia. Epigyne sehr klein, schwarz, zweiteilig. Zeichnung bezüglich Randbreite an Prosoma und Sternum, Opisthosomaflecken und Beinringelung sehr variabel, mitunter das ganze Tier zitronengelb oder weiss. Prosoma gelblich-weiss, und Sternum gelblich-weiss mit feinem, dunklem Rand. Cheliceren gelblich. Beine weisslich gelb, schwarz geringelt. Opisthosoma ganz weiss oder gelblich mit grossen schwarzen Flecken.

Körperlänge Männchen: 3-3.5 mm
Körperlänge Weibchen: 3-4.1 mm
Zusätzliche Informationen

An sehr warmen Stellen auf Stauden und Gebüsch

Häufigkeit: stellenweise häufig

Verbreitung
  Vorkommen
  kein Nachweis
Weltweite Verbreitung (WSC 2020): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe) to Central Asia, Iran, China
Phänologie
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Abbildungen
Verbreitungsnachweise
Albania   (Deltshev et al., 2011b) ||| Algeria   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Austria   (no references) ||| Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2020) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| Egypt   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Georgia   (Otto, 2020) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Hungary   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sicily   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Libya   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Central   (no references) ||| Russia, Eastern   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2020) ||| Serbia   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Spain / Balearic Islands   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2019) ||| Turkey (Europe)   (Danışman et al., 2019) ||| Ukraine   (Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019) |||
Literatur

Barrientos J A, Febrer J B (2018) Arañas (Arachnida, Araneae) de Menorca (Islas Baleares, España). 2: “adenda et corrigenda”. Descripción de tres especies nuevas. Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 33: 39-51 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae).
[N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144 pdf

Grbić G, Savić D (2010) Contribution to the knowledge of the spider fauna (Arachnida, Araneae) on the Fruška Gora Mt. Acta entomologica serbica 15: 243-260 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2013) A quick scan of the spider fauna of the European part of Turkey. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 33: 29-38 pdf

Jäger P, Staudt A, Schwarz B, Busse C (2000) Spinnen (Arachnida: Araneae) von Weinbergen und Weinbergsbrachen am Mittelrhein (Rheinland-Pfalz: Boppard, Oberwesel). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 19: 28-40 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (unpubl.)

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Russell-Smith A, Allison R, Askins M, Blumsom W, Snazell R, Spilling C (2011) A provisional checklist and gazetteer of the spiders of Chios, Greece (Arachnida: Araneae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 15: 133-167 pdf

Wiehle H (1937) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VIII. 26: Familie Theridiidae oder Haubennetzspinnen (Kugelspinnen). Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 33: 119-222 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
09-01-2019 Distribution update Detail
24-09-2015 Distribution update Detail
24-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
04-12-2013 Distribution update Detail