Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Trachyzelotes  Lohmander, 1944   17 species

Trachyzelotes kulczynskii  (Bösenberg, 1902)


Embolar base smoothly rounded distally. Tibial apophysis relatively short. Epigyne with relatively short anterior margin. Vulva with greatly extended ducts laterally.

Body length male: 3.94 mm
Body length female: 5.7 mm
  No data
Distribution comment: Germany: see comment by Blick et al. (2016)
Global distribution (WSC 2020): North Macedonia, Bulgaria. Introduced to USA, Caribbean, Colombia, Brazil, Japan, Samoa
Distribution List
Bulgaria   ( Blagoev et al., 2018; ) ||| North Macedonia   ( no references ) |||

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Blick T, Finch O-D, Harms K H, Kiechle J, Kielhorn K-H , Kreuels M, Malten A, Martin D, Muster C, Nährig D, Platen R, Rödel I, Scheidler M, Staudt A, Stumpf H, Tolke D (2016) Rote Liste und Gesamtartenliste der Spinnen (Arachnida: Araneae) Deutschlands. 3. Fassung, Stand April 2008, einzelne Änderungen und Nachträge bis August 2015. Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt 70/4: 383-510 pdf

Brescovit A D, Freitas G C C, Vasconcelos S D (2008) Spiders from the island of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil. Part III: Gnaphosidae (Araneae: Arachnida). Revta bras Zool 25: 328+332

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at

Platnick N I, Murphy J A (1984) A revision of the spider genera Trachyzelotes and Urozelotes (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). American Museum Novitates 2792: 1-30

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

13-10-2017 Distribution update Detail
02-03-2015 Distribution update Detail