Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Kochiura  Archer, 1950   1 species

Kochiura aulica  (C. L. Koch, 1838)

Beschreibung

Pedipalpus erscheint scheibenförmig. Epigyne hinten von breitem Chitinwulst begrenzt. Prosoma gelblich-orange, mit schmalem, dunklem Rand und breitem, braunem Mittelstreifen. Sternum rötlich-gelb, Rand verdunkelt. Cheliceren gelblich. Beine gelblich, braun geringelt. Opisthosoma hellgelblich, mitunter auch weiss oder rötlich, mit breitem, braunem Mittelstreifen.

Körperlänge Männchen: 3.5-4.5 mm
Körperlänge Weibchen: 3.5-4.7 mm
Zusätzliche Informationen

Auf Sträuchern in sehr warmen Gegenden, mediterrane Art, stellenweise in Mitteleuropa

Verbreitung
  Vorkommen
  nicht etabliert
  kein Nachweis
Weltweite Verbreitung (WSC 2020): Cape Verde Is., Canary Is., North Africa, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran
Phänologie
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Weibchen mit Kokon im Juli.
Abbildungen
Verbreitungsnachweise
Albania   ( Deltshev et al., 2011b; ) ||| Algeria   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) ||| Azerbaijan   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Belgium   ( no references ) ||| Bosnia and Herzegovina   ( no references ) ||| Bulgaria   ( Blagoev et al., 2018; ) ||| Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Cyprus   ( Bosmans et al., 2019c; ) ||| Czechia   ( no references ) ||| Egypt   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| France / Corsica   ( no references ) ||| Germany   ( no references ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Greece / Crete   ( no references ) ||| Hungary   ( no references ) ||| Ireland   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Italy / Sardinia   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Italy / Sicily   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Libya   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) ||| Malta   ( Pfliegler et al., 2017; ) ||| Montenegro   ( no references ) ||| Morocco   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) ||| Poland   ( no references ) ||| Portugal   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Eastern   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Southern   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Serbia   ( no references ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Tunisia   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) ||| Turkey (Asia)   ( Danışman et al., 2019; ) ||| Turkey (Europe)   ( Danışman et al., 2019; ) ||| Ukraine   ( no references ) ||| United Kingdom   ( no references ) |||
Literatur

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Buchholz S (2013) Spider records from East Macedonia and Thrace (NE Greece). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 45: 45-53

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Helsdingen P J van (2013) A quick scan of the spider fauna of the European part of Turkey. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 33: 29-38

Knoflach B, Thaler K (2000) Notes on Mediterranean Theridiidae (Araneae)-I. Mem Soc Entomol Ital 78 (2): 411-442

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Rozwałka R, Dawidowicz Ł, Wawer W (2017b) Three alien spider species (Araneae: Theridiidae) newly found in Poland. Fragmenta Faunistica 60: 61-66 pdf

Wiehle H (1937) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VIII. 26: Familie Theridiidae oder Haubennetzspinnen (Kugelspinnen). Tierwelt Deutschlands 33

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
21-11-2017 Image insert
18-11-2017 Distribution update Detail
24-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
04-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
01-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
12-07-2013 Distribution update Detail