Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Kochiura  Archer, 1950   1 species

Kochiura aulica  (C. L. Koch, 1838)

Beschreibung

Pedipalpus erscheint scheibenförmig. Epigyne hinten von breitem Chitinwulst begrenzt. Prosoma gelblich-orange, mit schmalem, dunklem Rand und breitem, braunem Mittelstreifen. Sternum rötlich-gelb, Rand verdunkelt. Cheliceren gelblich. Beine gelblich, braun geringelt. Opisthosoma hellgelblich, mitunter auch weiss oder rötlich, mit breitem, braunem Mittelstreifen.

Körperlänge Männchen: 3.5-4.5 mm
Körperlänge Weibchen: 3.5-4.7 mm
Zusätzliche Informationen

Auf Sträuchern in sehr warmen Gegenden, mediterrane Art, stellenweise in Mitteleuropa

Verbreitung
  Vorkommen
  nicht etabliert
  kein Nachweis
Weltweite Verbreitung (WSC 2022): Cape Verde Is., Canary Is., North Africa, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran
Phänologie
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Weibchen mit Kokon im Juli.
Abbildungen
Verbreitungsnachweise
Albania   (Deltshev et al., 2011b) ||| Algeria   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2022) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Bosnia and Herzegovina   (Komnenov, 2010) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (Majer et al., 2010) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| Egypt   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Greece / Crete   (no references) ||| Hungary   (Samu & Szinetár, 1999) ||| Ireland   (Lavery, 2019) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sicily   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Libya   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Malta   (Pfliegler et al., 2017) ||| Montenegro   (no references) ||| Morocco   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Russia, Eastern   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2022) ||| Serbia   (no references) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Spain / Balearic Islands   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Tunisia   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2021a) ||| Turkey (Europe)   (Danışman et al., 2021a) ||| Ukraine   (no references) ||| United Kingdom   (Lavery, 2019) |||
Literatur

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Buchholz S (2013) Spider records from East Macedonia and Thrace (NE Greece). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 45: 45-53 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2021a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2021 [last updated 1 January 2021], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144 pdf

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2013) A quick scan of the spider fauna of the European part of Turkey. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 33: 29-38 pdf

Knoflach B, Thaler K (2000) Notes on Mediterranean Theridiidae (Araneae)-I. Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 78: 411-442 pdf

Komnenov M (2010) Checklist of spiders (Araneae) of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Uzizaž i Biospeld 5(2009): 52-69 pdf

Lavery A (2019) A revised checklist of the spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Arachnology 18: 196-212 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British spiders. Vol. II. Ray Society, London, 449 pp. pdf

Majer M, Kelava I, Lugic E, Zec M (2010) Araneofauna of the Mediterranean island of Vis (Croatia). In: Nentwig W, Entling M, Kropf C (eds.), European Arachnology 2008: 125-127 pdf

Otto S (2022) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 02.2022. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. pdf

Rozwałka R, Dawidowicz Ł, Wawer W (2017b) Three alien spider species (Araneae: Theridiidae) newly found in Poland. Fragmenta Faunistica 60: 61-66 pdf

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

Wiehle H (1937) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VIII. 26: Familie Theridiidae oder Haubennetzspinnen (Kugelspinnen). Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 33: 119-222 pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (21.01.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
12-07-2020 Distribution update Detail
08-06-2020 Distribution update Detail
21-11-2017 Image insert
18-11-2017 Distribution update Detail
24-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
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01-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
12-07-2013 Distribution update Detail