Thomisidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Xysticus  C. L. Koch, 1835   106 species

Xysticus marmoratus  Thorell, 1875

Description

Male palp without tegular apophyses, but with transverse, sclerotised edge, prolateral area of tegulum apically protruding and strongly structured. Tibial apophysis bipartite, ventral apophysis hook-like bent, retrolateral apophysis broad, short in lateral view and with blunt tip. Conductor with whip-like swung embolus. Epigyne with circular to oval contour, flanked by wall-like ring, very variable depending on age. Vulva consists of an inverted triangular sac. Prosoma female: in different bright brown, white or fine black margined and distinctly separated in 3 broad longitudinal stripes. Eye field brown to dark brown or cream-beige, posterior median eyes surrounded by brown rings and 2 dark longitudinal lines in between. Male: dark to grey-brown, partly sand-brown, with broad longitudinal stripes. Sternum broad, almost round, median dark, brown and yellow-brown on margin. Chelicerae frontally dark brown or brown to cream-beige patterned and with fine spine, additional fine, shorter spines. Legs brown, dorsally very dark (female brighter) and with stripes.. Femur male: with bright, median longitudinal line. Opisthosoma slender, slightly longish shaped, anteriorly and laterally white, oval dirty dark brown, black-brown or black-grey, median with brown to brown-beige lancet-shaped area, 5 sigilla. Spinnerets pale grey to brown, partly surrounded by bright line.

Body length male: 3.8-4.9 mm
Body length female: 4.6-5.6 mm
Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Central Europe, Balkans, Greece, Caucasus, Turkey, Ukraine, Russia (Europe), Kazakhstan
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). Nieuwsbr Belg Arachnol Ver 28: 1-147

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2018a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017 [last updated 2 September 2018], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Hepner M, Milasowszky N, Sigmund E, Waitzbauer W (2011) Die Spinnenfauna (Arachnida: Araneae) stillgelegter Abbauflächen in einem Steinbruch in Bad Deutsch-Altenburg (Österreich: Niederösterreich). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 42: 29-47

Jantscher E (2001a) Revision der Krabbenspinnengattung Xysticus C.L. Koch, 1835 (Araneae, Thomisidae) in Zentraleuropa. Dissertation: 1-328 pdf

Komnenov M (2014) Spider fauna of the Osogovo Mt. Range, Northeastern Macedonia. Fauna Balkana 2: 1-267

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Ponomarev A V, Khnykin A S (2013) Spiders (Aranei) of Volgograd sity and its environs. The South of Russia: ecology, development 4: 109-136

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog, version 19.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (15.07.2018) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
24-09-2015 Distribution update Old value
29-07-2014 Distribution update Old value
15-10-2013 Distribution update Old value